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Positivity is both the root and aim of mindfulness. The three tenets of mindfulness are Accept, Acknowledge and Appreciate. Acceptance is the basis of any programme of transformation. Unless we accept our current situation, we can't know what the proper actions are to take us to a better place. Cognitive biases are really important to understand, and also very important to recognize in your own thought processes and behaviors. What kinds of biases can you be prone to? Let's do a quick crash course on a couple of popular cognitive biases. Anchoring is a cognitive bias that occurs when focusing too much on a single piece of information. You hear one fact and put your blinders on, rendering yourself ignorant to the rest of the picture at hand. Disallowing as much information as possible from entering your problem-solving is a disservice to yourself. However, if you're aware that you are typically subject to this cognitive bias, you are more likely to recognize when you're putting it into place. It's easily fixable to expand your horizon to allow more information in. Often times, this will also make it easier for you to solve the problem because you can see the entire picture. Few things are more frazzling than popping a tire and ending up on the side of the road, especially if you lack the necessary tools to change the tire, or even the spare tire itself. Capital must be carefully preserved. What would you think of a farmer who ate his seed corn? Dumb farmer, right? So capital, which is known as seed money, must be defended. It's your only chance for another harvest. Johnny can't argue with your explanation, so after considering the matter, he says, Okay, I'll set aside the two dollars so I can stay in business and continue to make a one-dollar profit.

But I do get to spend the dollar profit, don't I? Now comes your opportunity to show Johnny the difference between staying poor and becoming rich. You explain, If you spend all your profit, you'll wind up broke and unhappy. Johnny doesn't understand. I'm willing to get down to it if you are. Darrell shrugged. Whatever. Dr Matt answered as if Darrell had thanked him. Sure, happy to do it. He started down the short hallway with Darrell on his heels. They entered the room and closed the door. Darrell crossed to his seat; Dr Matt took his own, and he got down to it, as promised. Without prelude, he asked Darrell, What did you do to him? At the tips of each chromosome are segments of DNA called telomeres. The telomere's job is to protect the structure of the chromosome. It does not code for protein. Rather, the telomere is there to make sure the rest of the chromosome remains structurally intact during cellular replication. As we discussed, you can think of the telomere as the little plastic bit on the end of a shoelace. That small plastic piece prevents the shoelace from unraveling and falling apart.

The telomere does the same for your chromosome. Cells in your body are constantly turning over. Over the natural course of life, cells die and need to be replaced. New cells are manufactured when you grow, suffer an injury, or when conditions change. This means that our eyes, eyebrows, and forehead give out our true state. Another, the most common way to disguise is a smile. Charles Darwin had a whole theory about it. He said that most often we strive to disguise negative emotions, and with a smile, there are completely different muscles that are easy to control at that moment. In the previous article, you learned about the difference between sincere and insincere smiles. A sincere smile is always symmetrical: both corners of the mouth simultaneously lift up. A fake smile may well be asymmetrical (one corner of the mouth is raised). A smile at one corner of the mouth can also speak of contempt or disgust for the interlocutor. A genuinely smiling man smiles not only with his lips but with his eyes too. Actors, to seem sincere, try before you smile, remember something pleasant so that the joy was real. Acceptance sounds very easy but is, in fact, incredibly hard. We are talking about active recognition not passive resignation. I'd like you to think about something negative that has happened in your life, something that you genuinely believe you have accepted. If thinking about it makes you feel uncomfortable, if you start to feel tense, then you probably haven't. The tension caused by not accepting can have serious consequences. In extreme cases, it leads to psychosis and PTSD.

If you aren't working from a point of acceptance, it will always feel as though you are trying to push a square peg into a round hole. This is why it's important to sit with a negative emotion, just that, to sit with it. Allow yourself to feel the emotion for say 20 or 30 minutes. don't allow your thoughts to take you from that sadness or pain into a negative spiral of self-talk. In this situation, you could feel yourself slipping into despair, concentrating on how you, stranded by yourself, are going to get this tire fixed. However, if you just read this article and remember thinking about the anchoring cognitive bias, you might allow yourself to sit back on your heels and take a breath. You might realize that this situation requires a little bit more creativity and information than you're currently allowing through your blinders. Before learning about anchoring, you might have walked up the street three miles in your business casual attire and muscled a spare tire all the way back to your car to wrangle it on your own. But now, you hear Munger tsk-ing in your head, telling you that your pride and your thirst for brilliance is allowing more room for failure. Now you are enabled to recognize your cognitive bias and usher in creativity. Instead, you could take in more information: maybe after inspecting the tire further, you realize it's just a nail. Looking across the street, you realize further that there is a gas station where you could put more air in your tire to get it to the tire shop up the street. Once you're at the tire shop, the mechanics can replace (or maybe even patch) your tire. Another option would be to call a friend or a family member and have them (and all their unique mental models) come to help you out so you can figure it out together. So you take him to the poorest neighborhood in town and you ask him, Do you want to live like this? All right then. You can't spend the whole dollar. Then what do I do with it? First, you must pay your taxes. And for kids this is easy.

They pay when they spend -- unless they start making serious money, in which case you must teach them about federal taxes. Next, you remind Johnny of the need for charity. Johnny remembers. Oh yes, here is ten cents for those who cannot help themselves. Darrell stammered, Wh-what? Wh-who? What the hell you talkin' about? Dr Matt was matter-of-fact: The guy who attacked you. What did you do to him? Darrell came out of his chair. What do you know about it? Fuck this. Are we done yet? Dr Matt remained seated, maintaining eye contact and a non-threatening posture. Our cells and bodies are dynamic. The process we use to produce new cells is called mitosis. Mitosis is the scientific name for when one parent cell splits into two identical daughter cells. To ensure that each of the daughter cells has her own complete set of DNA, the parent cell makes a copy of its DNA--one copy for each daughter cell. Here's where the telomeres come in. Each time a cell divides through mitosis, it's possible that the telomere can lose a little bit of length.