In our modern age, scholars continue to shape and influence this work by viewing body liberation through the lens of anti-Blackness, striving to stop the cyclical machine of anti-Black death. Rachel Cargle, Tressie McMillan Cottom, Brienne Colston, Da'Shaun Harrison, Samantha Irby, Myles E. Johnson, Kiese Laymon, Ijeoma Oluo, Ilya Parker, Hunter Ashleigh Shackelford, Sabrina Strings, Sonya Renee Taylor, Melissa Toler, and thousands more are doing this work to deepen the possibility of a future without white supremacist imperialism and a world that affirms the abundance within us all. THE TRAUMA OF TRAUMA Today you'll discover how to take the stress out of exercise. We're going to help you find the triggers that cause your fault lines to open and swallow up your time and intentions. We want you to tap into the wellspring of mental sharpness, emotional calm, and physical vibrancy that comes from exercising--without stressing about it. NO TIME TO EXERCISE? YOU'RE NOT ALONE: If you have trouble finding the time or motivation to exercise, or don't always enjoy doing it, you're in good company. A recent Gallup poll showed that about half of American adults find it difficult to exercise regularly. The good news is that meQuilibrium members showed a significant increase in motivation and success after going through the program. Across the board, we saw a 16 percent improvement in the ability to stay with a fitness program. And when we focused on those who started off scoring below the norm on their physical exercise regimen, we saw an 87 percent improvement in the frequency and quality of their workout. So keep reading! The principle on which the group-centered leader relies is that participation will be facilitated when he succeeds in removing all the outside pressures on the members to participate and depends entirely on the inner forces of the members. Leadership Never Becoming Completely Distributed In some groups all the leadership functions probably will never become completely distributed throughout the group. This may be due to the pressures put upon the leader from his own supervisors. For example, a school administrator may feel that he has to retain certain leadership functions, such as the hiring and firing of his teachers. To this extent he may feel that he cannot give up all responsibility to the group.

What is the effect of this? Theoretically, the retention by the leader of any of the leadership functions reduces the chances of the group's actualizing itself to the fullest extent. In practice, however, it may mean that the group-centered leader can still demonstrate trust in the group within these limits. He still can be a therapeutic influence on the group, though not as therapeutic as if he were able to trust the group with the handling of all functions. One of the greatest casualties of trauma is our weakened ability to trust people and allow ourselves to be vulnerable. The trauma of social injustice requires us to face the world with our armor on and carry that through the day, no matter how heavy it is, because we do not feel safe in the world. Later on we'll look more at shame and vulnerability, and the importance of connection, as well as tools for coping. We can acknowledge and even honor the past, but we don't have to stay stuck there. We don't have to live our lives forever defined by damaging things that happened to us and a culture that invisibilizes or tries to confiscate our personhood. I don't like to talk about recovery, as the term implies coming back to something you were before. In that sense, you never recover--you are changed forever by your experiences--but your trauma can be transformed into strength. Neuroplasticity and trauma go hand in hand. Just as traumatic events can forge neural pathways, so can positive and constructive experiences help you cope and heal, establishing new neural pathways. Many people experience positive transformation after trauma, like a fresh appreciation for life, a newfound sense of personal strength, or greater empathy, so much so that psychologists coined the term post-traumatic growth. What It Takes To work, a fitness plan has to have two components: physical and mental. Often people focus only on the physical and throw themselves into a program, but just having the how- to information isn't enough. If it were, we'd all be exercising with ease and frequency! You need both to make and to stick to a plan that will get you where you want to be. The physical component is the obvious part.

You need to literally move your body. We'll give you Dr Adam's prescription for getting fit and for finding the exercise that's best for you. On a deeper level, we need to root out the thoughts that might be getting in your way. Fitness hits big emotional buttons, and whenever there are big emotions, we know there are big beliefs lurking. In other groups the members may never assume all the leadership functions because of the fact that they cannot completely alter their perception of their leader as one who is differentiated from them on some basis. For example, it may be most difficult for a group of adolescent children ever to perceive their adult leader as a person without some authority over them. There may be other differentials that are difficult to erase in the perceptions of group members, such as age, sex, education, size. Such differentials may be so strongly ingrained in our culture that they make it very difficult for group members to perceive their leader on an equalitarian, nonauthoritative basis. This is but a conjecture. We may find that under the proper conditions even these differences will not prevent people from establishing relationships with others that are essentially nonthreatening. Group-Centered Leadership in Large Organizations How successful can group-centered leadership be in large organizations? The limitations are obvious at once. In a large industry, for example, frequent face-to-face contacts are almost impossible. I am a better person because of--not in spite of--the trauma I've endured. Now, for example, when I tell that Barbizon Modeling School story, I no longer feel the pain. I can even laugh at the absurdity. When others laugh, too, it's an avenue of connection. Not only do people see and empathize with me, but it also allows them to view their own traumatic histories in a more hopeful light. If all we ever do is focus on the pain of oppression, we lose sight of our individual and collective agency.

Broadening our lens to view not just the pain, but the stories of resistance and transformation, allows us to see that a very different future is possible--and that we can call it into being. Healing starts by acknowledging trauma's effects on our lives. Deep and enduring pain arises from the knowledge that your childhood and past experiences have damaged you in significant ways. It doesn't have to stop us from growing and developing, having fulfilling relationships, find a career that we're passionate about, and living a meaningful and satisfying life. Because iceberg beliefs are our most fundamental values and can represent our deepest fears, it's not surprising that they can derail our best efforts to make healthy lifestyle changes. The reason you may not have succeeded in the past isn't because you haven't tried your best to exercise; You may be unknowingly carrying around some clunkers that are impeding your fitness intentions and efforts. Where there are icebergs, there are negative thoughts. And where there are negative thoughts, there are roadblocks. We'll highlight the common fitness icebergs to help you isolate yours, and arm you with thought zappers to counteract even the most pernicious of mental intruders that could impede your fitness success. Excuse or Iceberg? Negative icebergs get in the way of making good decisions. Because of them, we develop tricky ways of convincing ourselves that we're avoiding something challenging or inconvenient for rational reasons. This is especially true with food, rest, and, of course, exercise. Space barriers to communication are inevitable. We need to think through carefully the implications of this conception of leadership where large groups of people have to be represented by others. What is to prevent the representative from failing to represent accurately the decisions, desires, and contributions of his constituents? Will not special interest and pressure groups make it impossible to operate a large corporation, a state, or even a nation using principles of group-centered leadership? We are raising more questions than can be answered. So far it has not been possible to implement extensively this type of leadership with such large groups.

It is difficult to see, however, why the principles which are emerging from the application of group-centered leadership in smaller groups would not be as valid in larger groups. Perhaps we only need more ingenuity in devising new ways of implementing the philosophy. In this connection we have found it challenging to learn about recent attempts to apply some of these principles in industry. Golden and Ruttenberg (67) describe experiments with joint labor-management committees in the garment industry. To the contrary, feeling pain can be a good thing. It can remind us of the critical importance of creating love and connection in our lives and make us more empathetic to others, thereby deepening relationships. To start, forgive yourself. Forgive yourself for survival behaviors you picked up to manage or endure your trauma. Forgive yourself for being who you needed to be. Show compassion for your own wounds. The traumatic stress reactions you experience--the behaviors and emotions you don't like--are responses to surviving trauma. They are normal reactions to abnormal situations, and reflect your strength, your determination, and your will to self-preservation. You are a resourceful, resilient survivor. Recognize your trauma and how it fuels the behaviors that disappoint you. Here's an example from Jan's life of how she can talk herself out of a good choice: Weekday mornings offer half an hour of family time before we all scatter for work and school. I often struggle to leave the house and go for a run. I have to choose between getting in a quick but invigorating workout and being in the kitchen while the kids have breakfast, a precious window of time together. I know on one level that I'll feel better all day (and be more productive and make better food choices) if I go for the run, but I rationalize not going by telling myself that it is important to be there for the kids; Who doesn't occasionally look for a reason to blow off exercise?