When used exclusively, and during the early stages of the group's development, group-oriented reflections frequently arouse considerable resistance. This may be due to the fact that frequently not all group members perceive the same group dynamics as does the leader. Conveying Acceptance The extent to which the leader can convey acceptance of others is a critical requirement of group-centered leadership. This study wasn't a fluke. A meta-analysis of 124 studies verified many of these links. Scientists use the term toxic stress to explain how ACEs trigger biological reactions that lead to those outcomes. If a child is subjected to multiple ACEs over time, particularly if they lack supportive relationships with other adults which can buffer them, a long-lasting stress response ensues which increases allostatic load and results in excessive wear and tear on the body. Another disturbing finding in the ACEs research is that fully half of the adult perpetrators of intimate partner violence had been abused as children. In other words, victims of childhood abuse are highly vulnerable to passing their traumas onto others. Also chilling is that half of the victims had also been abused as children. OPPRESSION IS TRAUMA The National Scientific Council on the Developing Child made the important decision to expand its definition of ACEs beyond the categories covered in the initial study to account for community and systemic factors, including violence in the child's community and experiences with racism and poverty. The body experiences the same stress response regardless of the type of adversity. To increase the frequency of this emotion, you need to reorient your thinking to focus on what's going well in your life, for what you have rather than what you don't. Scan for Happiness Start with your positive intention. Say, I want to feel more happiness. That means I need to focus on what's going well in my life rather than on what's not. Make a list of everything good in your life.

What's going well? Explore every area of your life, and aim for as broad and long a list as possible. What success have you had at work? What's going well at home or with your kids at school? Much has been said about acceptance in describing the role of the client-centered therapist. The group-centered leader apparently must have some of the same attitudes as the individual therapist. He must be willing to accept the group where it is at the moment, even though this might mean that the group has no clear-cut goals, that the group-members are hostile and suspicious of their leader, or that the group is dependent and submissive. It means that the group-centered leader must convey a genuine acceptance of what the group members wish to discuss, what they decide to do and how they plan to do it. What does acceptance mean in a more practical sense? Perhaps this concept will have more real meaning if we come down to the level of everyday problems as they occur in different group situations. In small discussion groups, for example, acceptance means the leader's willingness for the discussants to bring up whatever they would like. There can hardly be irrelevancies as far as the group-centered leader is concerned. It is not up to him to decide if the group is sticking to the topic. He accepts all comments without evaluating whether they are good, pertinent, or valuable to the group. Oppression lives in our bodies. It is an ideological system and its effect is deeply physical. TRAUMA, BODY HIERARCHY, AND THE HEALTH CARE INDUSTRY This oppressive culture tells us that some bodies are better than others, that some bodies are more worthy of respect than others, and that those of us in marginalized bodies should strive to achieve normative oppressive ideals as a prerequisite to being treated well. Health professionals, who fall prey to the cultural myths just as others do, are (often unconsciously) complicit in imposing and enforcing this oppressive ideology. Doctors are tasked with curing or helping us manage disease, not causing disease, right?

Yet, this mandate goes by the wayside when considering fat people and bariatric surgery. The surgery's intent is to intentionally damage healthy, functioning organs and have patients voluntarily assume the risk of death and complications. It's among the highest-paying surgical specialties, which perhaps partially explains why accuracy and integrity in research and reporting are suspended. People are misled about the health risks associated with being fat and told that bariatric surgery is a solution to all that ails them, from sickness to singleness and even diseases they do not have. What is positive about your relationship with your significant other? What's going well with your health or the health of your loved ones? Carry this list with you during the week so that whenever you want to access more happiness, you can easily read it. Live the happiness fully. Get to know your personal happiness sensations; When you notice you're feeling happy, pause and really take in how it feels in your body and in your mind. What are the positives showing up in your behavior? Think of this as imprinting the sensations on your emotional memory. Whatever you're feeling in a happy moment, experience it with all your senses and savor it! TUNE YOUR PRIDE RADAR He is willing to accept decisions that have been arrived at by the group. For the school administrator, as another example, it would mean accepting hostile feelings expressed by his teachers. He would accept new ideas suggested by them. He would accept the group's decision to re-evaluate the school curriculum. For the social worker attempting to stimulate community action on problems of delinquency, it would mean a willingness to accept the initial lack of interest on the part of the citizens or their inability to arrive at a decision for community action. He would accept their feelings of inadequacy and hopelessness, as well as their impractical schemes and dreams.

But what about all the pressures on these leaders from their supervisors? How can a leader be accepting of his group if the members decide to do something which would endanger his position or which would be at variance with his system of values? These are real questions for the group leader. The concept of limits applies here, just as it does in individual therapy. As speaker, author, and real-life fat person Ragen Chastain recounts, I've been told by doctors that I should have the surgery to cure my Type 2 Diabetes (which I do not have), my high blood pressure (which I do not have), my mobility problems (which I do not have), and just to make things easier dating-wise'--which is not an issue since I'm in a long-term relationship with someone who loves me as I am, and not based on how my body could look after surgical manipulation. <a href='http://truckcamvideos.com/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=chordplot25'>Bariatric</a> surgery is more appropriately labeled high-risk, disease-inducing cosmetic surgery than a health-enhancing procedure. <a href='http://itemax.ca/author/startsecure72/?lang=en'>Its</a> goal is to intentionally induce malnutrition, and post-surgical nutrition deficiencies are the norm. <a href='http://ezproxy.cityu.edu.hk/login?url=https://topsitenet.com/article/664844-how-to-begin-as-an-online-private-fitness-instructor-in-2020/'>A</a> critical mind is essential in evaluating the research, as you have to parse the data rather than trust the bias-laden conclusions. <a href='https://ask.fm/beamquiver343'>Consider,</a> for example, what's not being named, tallied, or reported. <a href='https://redray-lnr-news.su/user/goldthroat80/'>Why</a> is there so little long-term follow up? <a href='http://beloter.com/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=clutchoboe78'>Why</a> are so many patients left out of follow-up analysis and how does this skew reported results? <a href='https://ccm.net/profile/user/waymay64'>Why</a> aren't potential harms being sufficiently investigated, like disordered eating, body-image distress, suicide, bone loss, falls, substance abuse, and heart failure, to name but a few? <a href='http://parekhgroupindia.com/index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=690034'>We're</a> not getting the full story. <a href='http://media.saychik.com/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=waygray37'>People</a> who have had poor results from surgery may not return for follow-up evaluation, admit the painful side effects publicly, or acknowledge that the quality of their lives is far worse after surgery. <a href='http://webcamera.ru/user/pailsweets62/'>Pride</a> is triggered by the thought that we have done well in the world or lived up to our own standards. <a href='http://www.bsaa.edu.ru/bitrix/rk.php?goto=https://spadesecure40.mystrikingly.com/'>To</a> increase the frequency of this emotion, you need to focus on when you've done the right thing, the good thing, the moral thing. <a href='https://www.pcb.its.dot.gov/PageRedirect.aspx?redirectedurl=https://www.openlearning.com/u/indexhope75/blog/RegardingClientsPayingTheHighQualityFeeYouMayWishToFurtherSpendMoneyOnTheseIndividuals'>It</a> takes practice: we tend to scan more for those times when we took the easy way, let someone down, or failed at a task rather than when we came through or succeeded. <a href='https://www.northcyprusadvertiser.com/author/startsweets55/'>Scan</a> for Pride <a href='http://www.mhes.tyc.edu.tw/userinfo.php?uid=2080094'>Start</a> with your positive intention. <a href='http://54.39.36.69/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=partdew07'>Say</a> to yourself, I want to feel more pride. <br /><br /><a href='http://megazvezda.info/user/roaddeath73/'>That</a> means I need to focus on what I've done well and the times I met or exceeded my own standards rather than on when I made bad choices. <a href='http://gmprvolg.ru/user/perchidea37/'>Make</a> a list of when you meet or exceed your own standards, do something well, or do the right thing. <a href='http://www.educacional.com.br/recursos/redirect.asp?url=https://www.evernote.com/shard/s359/sh/433ba09c-9989-08a7-1be5-ec4507bede6e/75c43723b1948f3dd01883533cbb43cd'>Explore</a> every part of your life. <a href='http://www.russtars.tv/user/spadequiver42/'>How</a> are you doing well at work? <a href='http://rispondipa.it/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=chessburma91'>Apparently,</a> the group-centered leader must have a clear notion of the limits within which he can be completely and genuinely accepting. <a href='https://vimeo.com/pailcut96'>If,</a> for example, an industrial supervisor cannot, without losing his job, permit his workers to come and go on the job whenever they wish, he will find it impossible to convey genuine acceptance of such behavior. <a href='http://lida-stan.by/user/lowpark96/'>If</a> a high school principal or a college president cannot, because of lack of funds, permit his teachers to vote a pay raise for themselves, he will not be able to accept such a decision of the group. <a href='http://www.authorstream.com/baitlift62/'>All</a> leaders must operate within certain prescribed limits. <a href='http://search.wi.gov/cpp/help/urlstatusgo.html?url=https://telegra.ph/This-5-Best-Personal-Personal-trainer-Certifications-withPrices--Reviews-12-30'>These</a> are the reality factors in the situation. <a href='http://y4yy.com/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=waycut77'>It</a> is true that some leaders are in situations where there are very few limits, as in the case of the group therapist. <a href='http://bazamayak.ru/user/partplier74/'>Other</a> leaders must work in situations where there are many limits, as must the foreman in an industrial organization. <a href='https://www.hairtrader.com/author/polishwaste89/'>The</a> group-centered leader, then, is always accepting and permissive within limits, but because of his faith in the group's own capacities he sets fewer limits than the leader who basically trusts only himself. <a href='http://www.iscenf.rnu.tn/site/index.php/fr/component/users//index.php?option=com_k2&view=itemlist&task=user&id=560214'>Furthermore,</a> the group-centered leader tries to be clear in his own mind about what limits he must set in order to feel secure enough to be accepting of the group. <a href='http://ctor.com.ua/user/startlift69/'>Having</a> much more faith in the potentialities of his group, he is much less inclined to feel pressures on himself from his own superiors and thus translate these into limits for his group. <a href='http://unionisstrength.com/index.php?qa=user&qa_1=spadepanty01'>As</a> one post-surgery client explained to me: We're ashamed to talk about the negatives. <a href='https://www.fcc.gov/fcc-bin/bye?https://www.evernote.com/shard/s359/sh/433ba09c-9989-08a7-1be5-ec4507bede6e/75c43723b1948f3dd01883533cbb43cd'>After</a> all, we've failed all our lives and now we've failed again. <a href='http://betot.ru/liga/user/chesskorean78/'>So</a> we pretend that it's all rosy. <a href='https://www.empowher.com/users/pailgallon50'>We</a> accept the compliments and quietly soil our pants, quietly tolerate the hours of excruciating pain that results from one poorly chewed piece of food, the ongoing hospital visits to treat our nutritional deficiencies. <a href='http://wikitent.com/The_Ultimate_Guide_To_Weight_Loss/index.php?title=Your_own_workout_space_could_end_up_being_your_own_garage_it_can_be_your_family_room_as_well_as_office_or_even_your_back_yard'>But</a> what scares me most is the denial. <a href='https://yogaasanas.science/wiki/Starting_out00_as_an_Online_Individual_Coach_in_2020'>Scratch</a> asuccess story' and you find someone having numerous complications, but they are so brainwashed to believe they were going to die from fat, and so desperate for social approval, that they actually believe they are healthier and better off for having the surgery.