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These three-letter words, called trigrams, make it difficult for the brain to encode them because they don't contain any meaning. By counting down, the ability to rehearse the memories was interfered with, so the length of time short term memories lasted could be accurately measured. The experiment showed that while the participants could recall the words initially, the accuracy diminished after just 18 seconds, at a rate of 10%. Flashbulb Memories Roger Brown and James Kulik, psychologists, did a study in 1977 looking at how particular events in current history could be remembered and recalled vividly. People will often recall where they were or what they were doing when an event of magnitude occurred, such as the assassination of John F. Kennedy, or the attacks on the World Trade Center in 2001. These kinds of memories were referred to as flashbulb memories by Brown and Kulik. These snapshot memories were formed at times of trauma or shock, and although the person doesn't have to be directly connected to the event, the flashbulb memory can still be developed. Write down the negative thoughts you have, make a ball with the paper and throw it in the trash. With this You don't need to be a perfect writer, write down what appears in your head and don't think about syntax or spelling mistakes. Be grateful How long have you not said, thank you? Being grateful and having an attitude of gratitude is really very important to be happy. And that word that sometimes seems so difficult to leave our lips, is one of the most purifying that exist. Not only do you have to say it to another person, but yourself. Thank for the good things you have (which are many), feel happy for your affections, health, home, work, projects, the bed you sleep in and the food on your plate. Being grateful to live will allow you to experience more than positive emotions. After Hannah did in fact survive the trip to London, her mother settled her into her brother's house and returned home.

Her unmarried brother was often away on business, so Hannah found herself too often alone, with only a couple of her brother's servants in the house. This gave her unhealthy amounts of time to ruminate over her dark thoughts--exactly what Baxter would have warned her about--and too much time to contemplate and plan how she would attempt to snuff out her existence. She sent the maid to the apothecary for opium, but the maid returned empty-handed, telling Hannah either that the shop didn't have opium or that they refused to give it to her because of how dangerous it was. I wonder if this was true or if it was the lie of a tender-hearted woman who was trying to keep a deadly drug out of the hands of a mistress whose mind was unmoored and desperate for an end to her suffering. Hannah's suicidal ideations then took a morbidly creative turn. She began to catch spiders, which she believed to be poisonous. One night, after smoking a spider before bed, she awoke, convinced she was dying. Suddenly fearful at the prospect of death, she called her brother and told him what she'd done. He sent for an apothecary, who prescribed a drug to expel any poison. Study of the Link Between Smell and Memory Humans, along with multiple species of animals, can link a smell with memory. In 1989, an experiment conducted at the University of North Carolina was aimed at studying the effects of smell or olfactory senses has on the encoding of memory and the ability to retrieve the information. The male participants of the study were shown slides of females and were asked to rate how attractive they were using a scale. During the viewing of the pictures, the males were exposed to either a nasty smell or a pleasant aftershave scent. They were later asked to recall the females' faces while exposed to the same perfume or another different odor. The results of the study indicated the male participants were able to recall the memories better when the smell they were exposed to while memorizing the information was the same when they were asked to recall the information. This led to the belief that there was a definite link between the sense of smell and memories. The Interference Theory As the name suggests, the interference theory suggests that humans forget a memory when other memories interfere with the recollection of memory. Be the best friend

Do the following exercise: analyze your attitudes as a friend and indicate if that is what you want to receive from your friends. Are you a partner, do you listen to them, do you advise them, are you when they need you What things would you like to change your personality in the role of a friend? Do you think your friendships are happy by your side? Friends are the family we choose and that choice is mutual. If you feel happy with them, they will also feel full with you. Cultivate friendship daily , show your feelings with your friends. Spread joy everywhere Do you want to be happy? Clearly she was, as Baxter described, weary of living and afraid of dying. Her brother, now aware of her suicide attempts, knew Hannah couldn't be left alone. In her current state, she needed more care and observation than he could give. After consulting with other family members, he sent Hannah to live with the Walkers. Walker was a relative, and Hannah says she received me very courteously, though I was at that time but an uncomfortable Guest. Even with the change of scenery and more company and supervision, however, Hannah's suicidal thoughts did not cease. Neither did her attempts on her life. As Hannah reflected on this time in her memoir, she credited God for saving her life: The watchful Eye of the Lord always graciously prevented me [from the ways] I thought to put an End to my Life. While she lived with the Walkers, Hannah also began to starve herself. It was at the Walkers' house that she hid herself under the floorboards to slowly meet her end. Older memories could be hindered by newer memories (also called retroactive interference) or further information, and our ability to memorize it could be interfered with by information we already have.

In 1960 an experiment was conducted where two groups of people were given a list of paired words to remember. The idea that when they were given the first of the paired words as a stimulus, it would prompt the recall of the second word. The second of the two groups were also asked to memorize the second list of paired words. The results of the study were that those who had only learned the first list could recall more of the terms than the group who had to memorize the two lists. Therefore, the conclusion was made that the second list had affected the memories of the first list. False Memories Perhaps the most dangerous of memories is the false version, where we can be manipulated into thinking false events were real, which makes us believe these memories are indeed ours. Elizabeth Loftus, a cognitive psychologist, has been studying the reliability of memories for most of her career. She has primarily examined the consequences of false memories, particularly as they pertain to eyewitness testimony in criminal cases. Then offer happiness wherever you go. Nothing long faces, complaints and insults on the street. Always with a smile on your lips, a thank you and a positive attitude. Without a doubt, they will ever clash in your environment, but you will also set a precedent. People will want to imitate you, they will feel happy by your side, they will start smiling if you smile at them. Remember that everything you give, you receive in return. During the Toughest Times Find the Positive in Every Situation Ask yourself positive and solution-oriented questions. We are prone to asking ourselves questions such as have I made a mistake? Over time, Hannah's anorexic behavior only continued to worsen.

She went to live with her Aunt Wilson in such a state that she would not eat sufficient to support Nature. A neighbor, catching sight of her declared, She cannot live, she hath death in her face. I can only imagine how difficult it must have been for Hannah's aunt to watch her slowly wasting away. She didn't know how to bear the horrible things Hannah would say either. When Hannah was in a good enough humor to converse, her aunt would try to reason with her, to convince her that her thoughts were delusions and thus wrong. But when she began to speak with me of such things, Hannah wrote, I would generally fling away in a great fume, and say; Will you not let me alone yet, me thinks you might let me have a little quiet while I am out of Hell. At other times, Hannah broke down in uncontrollable weeping. She said to her aunt, Oh, you little know what a dismal dark condition I am in. During one of her experiments, a group was shown a car crash on video, where the car had been traveling at different speeds. The group was then asked what the speed of the car was by using a sentence that was worded to describe the crash as either mild or severe. When the suggestion was that the collision had been brutal, the participants ignored what they had seen and claimed that the car had been traveling faster than if it had been a minor accident. By using `framed' questions, the existing memory of an event can be interfered with retroactively. In 1997, James Coan showed that people could create false memories of an entire event. Coan made articlelets with various childhood events depicted in them and gave them to members of his family to read. His brother was given a pamphlet that said he had been lost in a mall and was found by an older man before his family was found. This was a false story, but when his brother was asked about the event, he believed the event was real. The Weapon Effect on Eyewitness Testimonies This study, conducted by Johnson and Scott in 1976, looked into a person's ability to memorize and recall an event when called to provide eyewitness testimony. Am I a failure?