Research has shown that CBT alone is at least as effective as antidepressant medication at treating less severe forms of depression, but it is usually recommended in combination with drugs for people experiencing more severe symptoms. Once more, it's clear that CBT has an important role to play, but used in isolation it has the following shortcomings: CBT ignores underlying medical conditions that contribute to depression. CBT does not address environmental factors, such as exposure to toxins and electromagnetic radiation. Being focused on reducing present-day symptoms, CBT does not consider depressive emotions like fear, anger, and guilt or the toxic effect of refusing to forgive someone for a perceived offense. As a treatment for depression, CBT is less likely to find and deal with associated mental conditions, such as addiction or anxiety. Seeking spiritual connection is a powerful and effective part of any healing strategy for people with depression--or anyone else, for that matter. It is absolutely a part of the whole-person model. God truly is the Great Physician. I want you to know that I believe wholeheartedly in prayer, and in fact, I pray to the God I have faith in nearly every day. What's more, I have witnessed countless answers to prayers in my own life and in the lives of others. As you'll see in part 2, spiritual practices are a central part of the whole-person approach I advocate. There is so much to worry about: work, relationships, money, health... But instead of panicking over what could happen, why not choose a different path - one where you let go of worry and focus on getting the most out of life instead? Prepare to discover your inner fearlessness with this collection of simple but effective tips for breaking free of anxiety, tackling obstacles with resilience and resolve, and reaching for your dreams. No one is born as the next President of the United States. Not everyone is a future movie star or Fortune 500 CEO from birth. You know that nerdy guy from high school who shows up at the reunion with a $1000 suit and a super model wife? That's a guy who perhaps was never innately likable - he learned how to do it. He learned what people want to hear and see and then delivered it with precision. He learned how to make a killer first impression, and then keep it going day after day.

You can do the same thing. You just need to sit back, relax and take a good hard look at what people like in other people and what's holding you back. Take, for example, pre-schoolers in a 1992 study conducted at George Mason University. The study set out to determine if pre-schoolers were likable based on earlier likability or pro-social activity. In short, does a child with minimal world experience have an innately likable nature or is it affected by being around other people and being introduced to likable traits? It's the classic nature vs. nurture argument, and guess what? This study, along with a dozen of others point overwhelmingly to the fact that they were likable because they were social - not because they were born likable. Don't suffer in silence. A workplace where people can't talk about technology overuse is also one where people keep other important issues (and insights) to themselves. Knowing that your voice matters is essential. Teams that foster psychological safety and facilitate regular open discussions about concerns not only have fewer problems with distraction but also have happier employees and customers. If there's one technology that embodies the unreasonable demands of the always-on work culture that pervades so many companies today, it's Slack. The group-chat app can make users feel tethered to their devices, often at the expense of doing more important tasks. Over ten million people log on to Slack every day. The platform's employees, of course, use Slack--they use it a lot. And if distraction is caused by technology, then they should surely suffer the consequences. Surprisingly, according to media reports and Slack employees I spoke with, the company doesn't have that problem. If you were to walk around Slack's company headquarters in San Francisco, you'd notice a peculiar slogan on the hallway walls. White letters on a bright pink background blare, "Work hard and go home." It's not the kind of motto you'd expect to see at a Silicon Valley company that makes the very tool many people say keeps them at work, even after they've gone home.

However, at Slack, people know when to log off. According to a 2015 article in Inc. magazine that named Slack its Company of the Year, the slogan is more than just talk. By 6:30 pm, "Slack's offices have pretty much cleared out." And according to the article, "That's how [Slack CEO] Butterfield wants it." Surely, Slack employees log back in when they get home, right? Wrong. In fact, they are discouraged from using Slack after they've left. According to Amir Shevat, Slack's former director of developer relations, people there understand the norm is to know when to disconnect. "It's not polite to send direct messages after hours or during weekends," he adds. Our intuitive ideas of randomness clearly don't coincide with the laws of chance. We tend to think that there shouldn't be a number of runs (e.g., a number of heads flipped or baskets made, in a row) because it doesn't seem random. However, if you flip a coin twenty times in a row, there is an 80 percent chance that at some point you'll get three heads or three tails in a row. There's a 50 percent chance you'll get four in a row, and a 25 percent chance you'll get a streak of five in a row.12 Once again, our intuitive theories of the world can be erroneous, which is why we can't rely just on our experiences--we need systematic scientific inquiry.13 So what can we take away from all of this? On the one hand, we have probability theory and its well-established principles. To believe in the other, hotter hand, we would need to demonstrate that the baskets made deviate from what would be predicted by probability theory. Why? Occam's razor. If the events can already be explained by a well-established concept, we don't need another explanation, such as the hot hand. However, we are constantly on the lookout for the causes of things, and we don't appreciate the fact that many events in life are random. As a result, we start to attribute other causes for essentially random events. Coincidences can be quite astounding.

A man by the name of George D. Bryson was traveling by train from St. Louis to New York. At the last minute, he decided to make a stop in Louisville, Kentucky, a city he'd never seen before. He asked for a hotel and was told to go to the Brown Hotel, where he registered and was given room 307. As a joke, he asked if he had any mail. The clerk handed him a letter addressed to Mr. George D. Bryson, Room 307. The prior occupant of room 307 was another George D. Bryson!14 Or consider this case: In 1914 a German mother photographed her son on a film plate, and then left the plate at a processor to be developed. World War I broke out and she couldn't return to the city to get the picture. Two years later, she bought a film plate in another city 200 miles away to take a picture of her new daughter. When the plate was developed, it was a double exposure--her daughter was superimposed over her son!15 Such events are astonishing, and can lead people to believe that something mysterious, mystical, or even divine is happening. In fact, stories like these led the psychologist Carl Jung to propose his concept of synchronicity. He maintained that such coincidences are the work of some unknown force trying to impose order on the events of the world. Once again, we have a case where someone, in this instance a very influential psychologist, is asserting that some mysterious force is the underlying cause. But let's apply Occam's razor. Is there a simpler explanation? There are a number of common misconceptions about meditation.

We see the same questions crop up again and again from new students. It is best to deal with these things at once, because they are the sort of preconceptions that can block your progress right from the outset. We are going to take these misconceptions one at a time and dissolve them. The bugaboo here is the word just. Relaxation is a key component of meditation, but vipassana-style meditation aims at a much loftier goal. The statement is essentially true for many other systems of meditation. All meditation procedures stress concentration of the mind, bringing the mind to rest on one item or one area of thought. Do it strongly and thoroughly enough, and you achieve a deep and blissful relaxation, called jhana. It is a state of such supreme tranquillity that it amounts to rapture, a form of pleasure that lies above and beyond anything that can be experienced in the normal state of consciousness. Most systems stop right there. Jhana is the goal, and when you attain that, you simply repeat the experience for the rest of your life. Not so with vipassana meditation. Vipassana seeks another goal: awareness. Concentration and relaxation are considered necessary concomitants to awareness. They are required precursors, handy tools, and beneficial byproducts. But they are not the goal. The goal is insight. Vipassana meditation is a profound religious practice aimed at nothing less than the purification and transformation of your everyday life. We will deal more thoroughly with the differences between concentration and insight in chapter 14. Here again the statement could be applied accurately to certain systems of meditation, but not to vipassana.