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The reason is that over time more dentin--the hard inner tissue--is built up between the outer enamel of a tooth and its central nerve. The added insulation diminishes sensitivity. The bad news, though, is that our gums recede over time, exposing roots a different way. Your brain is smaller. As you get older, certain parts of the brain shrink, most notably the prefrontal cortex and hippocampus, both important to learning, memory, planning and other complex mental activities. It's been estimated that the brain begins losing neurons at a rate of 50,000 per day after age 30--more if you listen to certain politicians. But not to fret. For one thing, the average human brain contains more than 100 billion neurons and research has shown that aging brains learn quite well how to adapt. That wizened brain of yours is also likely to be wise beyond its years. You catch fewer colds. This is the payoff for all those years of sneezing, coughing, and runny noses as a kid. By the time you reach middle age, you've been exposed to a diverse host of viruses and have built up a pretty expansive immune response. Been there, caught that. After a short time, the positive feelings which you would like to achieve from doing that activity start to emerge naturally. You don't have to wait for your thoughts and feelings to change before you get going. Get going and your feelings will change. Once you understand and accept the logic, it's easier to change your mindset and focus on the positive; that is, what you'll regularly achieve even with the smallest activities for even the shortest time. Need to have a difficult conversation with someone? Write down your opening lines, read them out loud to yourself and then jump right in. The conversation will go on from there - it may go well or it may not, but at least you've opened up communication.

Nervous about going to a meeting or party? Behave in a more outgoing, interested and friendly way for the first five minutes even if you don't feel like it. Initially it will feel forced and unnatural, but other people will respond to you as if you are quite naturally outgoing, interested and friendly. It's a positive feedback loop - acting as if' positively influences further thoughts and actions. <a href=''>Don't</a> wait for your feelings to change to take the action. <a href=''>Just</a> take the action and see how your thoughts and feelings change. <a href=''>Now,</a> what's the first step you can take to make it easier for you to get started on the things you do actually want to achieve? <a href=''>You</a> have the power. <a href=''>Plug</a> it in. <a href=''>I</a> said, "No, you just have one thing to do. <a href=''>Pick</a> one off your list of five, and that is the one thing you have to do. <a href=''>When</a> you finish that one, then you will have another one thing to do." I explained to him how to pick priorities on his long list, using the questions: "Is it urgent? <a href=''>How</a> soon does it need to be done? <a href=''>Is</a> it important? <a href=''>What</a> would happen if you didn't do it, or didn't do it soon?" Important means there is a big consequence if you don't do it or a big reward if you do it. <a href=''>Urgent</a> means that it is not only important but also has to be done right away; tomorrow will be too late. <a href=''>If</a> it's neither important nor urgent, just cross it off the list. <a href=''>If</a> it's both important and urgent, put it on your list of five. <a href=''>Part</a> of feeling overwhelmed comes from regarding everything as important and urgent. <a href=''>You</a> can underline the most important things on your list, or you can put numbers by them, classifying them each as priority 1, 2 or 3. <br /><br /><a href=''>Then</a> when you complete something off your list of five, you can pick another high priority to move into its spot. <a href=''>Stress</a> is a normal and healthy part of the survival system. <a href=''>The</a> right amount of stress can help you do your best work. <a href=''>Pain</a> can turn on the body's stress response and can make the body more sensitive to stressful situations. <a href=''>The</a> stress response can increase feelings of pain because of changes to the muscles, nervous system and body chemistry. <a href=''>It</a> is easier to deal with stress and its effects if you take early action. <a href=''>Know</a> your physical, emotional and behavioural signs of stress so you can plan the appropriate coping strategies. <a href=''>Daily</a> movement, social support, good self-care and making plans to solve problems, are all proven ways to manage stress. <a href=''>A</a> regular relaxation practice is very helpful for keeping the mind and body calm. <a href=''>There</a> are many ways to relax and it's important to find strategies that work for you. <a href=''>Breathing</a> is one of the simplest and most effective ways to relax. <a href=''>When</a> you experience stress, your heart rate and breathing rate get faster, and your muscles get more tense. <a href=''>It</a> is better to deal with stress when it has gone on for a long time and is very intense. <a href=''>Stress</a> can be healthy. <a href=''>Formal</a> and informal relaxation can help decrease overall stress levels. <a href=''>It</a> is best to use your neck and upper chest muscles to breathe. <a href=''>Of</a> most relevance to people who are suffering from mood disorders and anxiety is the tendency to personalize their condition. <a href=''>Thoughts</a> and emotions have significant adhesion, as we tend to believe them and what they say about us. <a href=''>Over</a> time, these patterns of thinking and mood fluctuations are reinforced, becoming fixed in the form of identity so that, by example "I am a depressed person" defines me, whereas a more skillful view is "I am a person who suffers from depression." Having a primary focus on self is isolating. <a href=''>It</a> disconnects one from one's resources and the universality of interconnectedness. <br /><br /><a href=''>In</a> Yoga, the embodiment of not-self is supported by the guidance of mindfulness-based meditation practices (for example, the way a teacher refers to "the body" versus "your body") as well as conversations that encourage a description of what is present, helping participants to be less immersed in their difficulties and the stories about them. <a href=''>Consider</a> a participant who remarks, after the meditation practice in session 4 ("Recognizing Aversion"), "I've always been depressed. <a href=''>I</a> don't think I have ever not been depressed. <a href=''>It's</a> part of my makeup." The teacher picks up on the fact that she identifies with being depressed and responds by returning the participant to the practice she has just completed by asking, "Do you remember when you first became aware of this in the practice we just did?" In this way, he is steadying the focus back to what has just been experienced (the here and now) rather than getting caught up in the narrative of self-identification with depression. <a href=''>"There</a> was a lot of thinking, and I felt sad." The teacher responds with, "Any body sensations?" and she replies, "Yes, a sick feeling in my stomach." She is beginning to track her own experience, supporting being with what was happening and strengthening an observational stance. <a href=''>This</a> is a key aspect of the decentering process and not-self. <a href=''>In</a> breaking up experience into its component parts, there is the opportunity to see the changing nature of experience and be less identified with it. <a href=''>You</a> get fewer migraines (if you're a woman). <a href=''>If</a> hot flashes are the personal summer bummer of menopause, the upside is fewer migraines. <a href=''>Research</a> suggests that 67 percent of female migraine sufferers get permanent relief after menopause due to changes in hormone levels. <a href=''>You</a> have less taste. <a href=''>Maybe</a> not in things like clothes (though that might be a matter of debate), but where it literally counts. <a href=''>By</a> age 60, most people have lost half of their taste buds, which research has found is a big reason why older people often compensate by eating more foods high in tasty sugar, salt, and fat. <a href=''>You</a> don't hear so well, either. <a href=''>Hearing</a> loss can begin as early as one's 20s, but tends to be gradual and not really noticeable until your 50s. <a href=''>One</a> in every three adults experiences hearing loss by age 65. <a href=''>By</a> age 75, it's one in two. <a href=''>You</a> get happier. <a href=''>It</a> seems counter-intuitive, but studies show people get happier over time. <a href=''>It's</a> a U-shaped curve. <br /><br /><a href=''>As</a> kids, we generally feel quite good about life, but that sense of well-being diminishes with passing years. <a href=''>Middle</a> age is the nadir, that proverbial time of crisis. <a href=''>But</a> things look up after that. <a href=''>Humor</a> aside, aging is essentially the gradual but steady erosion of your organ system and your body's built-in capacity to repair itself. <a href=''>That's</a> why you see the outside changes in your hair, teeth, and skin, and the inside changes to your bones, muscles, heart, and lungs. <a href=''>Aging</a> is inevitable, but in the absence of disease, people can live rich lives until they die if they keep their bodies in good working order. <a href=''>Whatever</a> it is you want to do, spend a minute or two setting it up so that it's easier to go forward than to do nothing. <a href=''>Want</a> to go for a swim or a run each morning but can't get your act together? <a href=''>Put</a> your swimming costume or running gear on before you get properly dressed. <a href=''>That</a> way you're far more likely to make a start. <a href=''>Try</a> it, with no expectation other than to see what it's like. <a href=''>Motivation</a> is made up of three aspects - what you think, what you feel and what you do. <a href=''>Positively</a> adopt just one of those aspects and you will positively affect the other two aspects. <a href=''>This</a> is why theas if' principle is so effective; you positively change what you do and before you know it, how you think and feel has changed too. People in particular professions often use the act as if' principle when they have to deal with difficult, challenging situations. <a href=''>For</a> example, medical staff, police officers, social workers, rescue workers etc. <a href=''>will</a> behave in a calm, confident way in unpredictable or potentially dangerous situations; they actas if' - as if they are calm and confident right from the start and the feelings follow through. Recent research suggests that the way you sit or stand can actually affect the way your brain functions. Carry yourself with confidence and in a matter of minutes, the chemical balance - the testosterone and cortisol levels in the brain - alters, your body starts to feel it and your brain starts to believe it. Dana Carney, an assistant professor at Columbia Business School, led a study where she split volunteers into two groups.