He also discovers that even as a map, his map has contained serious errors. Therapy gives him the protected opportunity to come down from the high level abstraction of his map and to explore the territory of primary experience. By the time that he is constructing a new map, with the new awareness that it is only a map and not experience itself, therapy is ready to conclude. Using other semantic terminology, one may say that the client gradually reduces the intensional quality of his reactions -- his tendency to see experience in absolute and unconditional terms, to overgeneralize, to be dominated by concept or belief, to fail to anchor his reactions in space and time, to confuse fact and evaluation, to rely on ideas rather than upon reality-testing -- and moves toward a more extensional type of reaction. This may be defined as the tendency to see things in limited, differentiated terms, to be aware of the space-time anchorage of facts, to be dominated by facts, not by concepts, to evaluate in multiple ways, to be aware of different levels of abstraction, to test his inferences and abstractions by reality, in so far as possible. Still another way of describing this matter of differentiation is to discuss it in relation to symbolization. The human being deals with much of his experience by means of the symbols attached to it. These symbols enable him to manipulate elements of his experience in relation to one another, to project himself into new situations, to make many predictions about his phenomenal world. In therapy one of the changes which occurs is that faulty and generalized symbols are replaced by more adequate and accurate and differentiated symbols. Thus, take the mother who experiences many negative feelings toward her child. Sometimes it is just your own energy, sometimes not. Your basic response to uprising energy--your Four F Preference--comes into play here. You may not realize that someone or something else, perhaps from long ago, has influenced your natural ability to slow down, lean into your emotions, and breathe through the experience as you calmly analyze the situation. Literally you are spinning out of control with all of the energy. From a feng shui focus, spiral staircases at home or work can create a whirlpool of energy, causing energy and money to quickly circle down from one level to another. If you have a whirlpool in one area, notice whether you also have another somewhere else in your space. Remember that the outer mirrors the inner. Thinking that such a staircase does not matter may indicate your insensitivity to whirlpools that are draining energy and money from your life. In a financial whirlpool, many things are demanding your attention at the same time. All of them seem urgent and may result in dire consequences, such as huge financial penalties for missing a deadline.

Stop seeking recognition outside of. You turn over your power when you have to be accepted by others-which makes you question your faith even more. This is a loop of viciousness. Seek advice and respond to those you trust, but remember that you are the one who will be dealing with the repercussions of your choices. Boldly make them, and don't look back. Invest some time in mantras of positive affirmations and trust. One of the most critical matters you can do to remove self-doubt is to substitute negative messages with positive self-talk. At first, it may feel awkward, but a regular recitation of absolute positive affirmations can help. Seek advice. Talking to someone you trust-- a coach, mentor, or trusted friend-- can be a powerful tool to shift your perspective. These feelings are all lumped under the symbolic formulation, I am irritated at him and angry with him because he is bad. But when she is free from any threat to herself, she can examine these attitudinal and visceral experiences, and can attach more accurately differentiated symbols to them. Some of them are still accurately described in the terms she formerly used, but others become symbolized in such terms as I am irritated with him because I wish I had never had him, I am angry with him because he interrupted my career, He causes me annoyance because he represents adult responsibility which I have always tried to avoid. As the symbols used correspond more closely to the basic and actual experience, then the conclusions drawn on the basis of symbolic manipulation become more sound because they are based upon reality. It should be made plain that the term differentiation, as it is used in this section, does not simply mean the perception of increasingly minute aspects of the phenomenal field. It means separating out, and bringing into figure, any significant perceptual element which has heretofore been unrecognized. Thus Curran (49), in a significant and exhaustive analysis of twenty recorded interviews with one case, finds that the perception of relatedness is one of the important aspects of the process of therapy. In early interviews the client, a very withdrawn individual, discusses twenty-five different problems, in quite discrete fashion. As therapy progresses, there are more and more instances in which the relationship of problems is seen. Thus he comes to perceive his tendency toward shyness and withdrawal to be related to his feeling that he is a genius and superior to others.

It is as if you are spinning around, listening to lots of financial ideas and moving from person to person, each one giving you advice and demanding that you take action. Too much data can be paralyzing. You literally drown as your overwhelmed circuits quickly try to switch from one thing to another while nothing creative or life-enhancing happens. Multitasking--trying to attend to many activities all at once--is another type of whirlpool. You are requiring your Body Sensations Current to handle lots of quick actions. Your head swims as you try to focus on each item as it flies by. You barely have enough time to focus on one, let alone to look deeply and consider the consequences of your actions with your Rational and Creative currents. Important things that are buried in the wealth of information and frenzy of activity will slip by your notice. Things will come back later--perhaps as a lawsuit over some missed detail that impacts many people's lives. You look busy yet you are not really moving forward toward your deep heartfelt longings. Simply saying it out loud will help you that negative thinking's power. It can also help you identify your causes, look at your trends, and find the source. Don't apologize. If you have a lot of self-doubts, you've already become very comfortable with being able to rationalize your emotional state in such a way as to prevent you from doing what you need. If those reasons get in the way, you must instantly remove them. Practice sympathy. Although expressing compassion to others is always simple, very few people manage their self-criticism with compassion for themselves. Being gentle with yourself will give you peace of mind and will also help with your mental and physical condition. It is a gentle yet powerful practice, sometimes fierce, that can make a difference. Let your beliefs guide you.

He gradually perceives all of himself as a much more unified pattern in which the struggle and conflict revolves around certain basic issues. These he is able to face and resolve, now that he has differentiated out the crucial elements which run through so much of his life. Still another aspect of this therapeutic experience of increased differentiation may be described in terms of problem-solving. Duncker (52) has given a thoughtful analysis of the psychological processes involved when the subject is dealing with problem-tasks and with mathematical questions. But much the same phenomena are evident in therapy. There is the exploration of one hypothesis after another, in a not too orderly fashion. There is the experience of having something which has heretofore been ground in the perceptual field, emerge into figure. There is the special change in figure-ground relationship which Duncker describes as the looseness versus the fixedness of a perceptual object. That is, both in problem-solving and in therapy the person has come to accept a certain element of the situation as something given or fixed. When he reperceives this as something which is not fixed, he is apt to have a real Aha! The ocean of abundance remains outside your ability to focus when you experience a whirlpool of energy. In a whirlpool of water, you hold your breath as you are sucked down. Here, dealing with such a challenging situation requires that you breathe and engage your Body Sensations and Emotional currents. Otherwise your emotions and adrenaline will flood over you and keep you spinning. Using the deep, abundant breath technique, even when you fear you will drown, stops the downward spin. Whirlpools are revealed when you realize that the most important issue for your financial abundance is not the one associated with the loudest presentation. Or there may be demands on you that will not benefit you--just others. Investments and buying assets that drop in value may show up here. You can realize this only when you look at the whole deal for a few minutes and understand that taking this action was not your first choice and that any further participation indicates that you agree with the project or premise of spinning energy when in fact you do not. Action Step

In fast-moving stressful situations-precisely the moment when self-doubt waits to strike-the simple act of checking in with your beliefs will hold you in charge. Being motivated by your principles will redirect the decision-making process and take you through situations. Stop expecting perfection. Perfectionism is a common trait, but there is no better way to nourish self-doubt. Permit yourself to get going even though you don't know the outcome, instead of overthinking stuff that might never happen. Our concerns of today will be the only obstacle to our understanding of tomorrow, Franklin Delano Roosevelt said. The most significant change you can create is to put the voice to rest in your mind, which tells you that you are not worthy, not smart, or not good enough. You are in a dominant position to change yourself to any degree if you can forget, and you can cause other people to forget (no matter what). With the most relaxed ability of all, the complete list of repetitive habits and destructive subconscious thinking pattern problems can all be solved: forgetting. Generally, we add negative significances to forgetting capacity. Thus Duncker's subject's sudden realization that the cork in the ink bottle is not fixed in that perceived relationship, but is a possible tool, a wedge to hold a stick in the desired position, has changed it from a fixed object in his perceptual field to a loose and manipulable one. Likewise the mother who sees her child as bad, comes in therapy to see this not as a fixed and given aspect of the situation but one which is manipulable, alterable, a loose perceptual element. Or the client who sees his homosexuality as a settled part of the picture comes to see this part of his behavior as being possibly alterable, as being no more fixed than any other pattern of his behavior. This change from perceiving elements as rigid and fixed, to perceiving them as loose or changeable is one of the most important types of differentiation which occur in therapy. Perhaps this discussion will indicate why, for some, the process of therapy can be wholly described in terms of differentiation. Thus Snygg and Combs state, we might, therefore, define psychotherapy from a phenomenological point of view as: the provision of experience whereby the individual is enabled to make more adequate differentiation of the phenomenal self and its relationship to external reality. If such differentiations can be made, the need of the individual for maintenance and enhancement of the phenomenal self will do the rest (200, p. Movement toward Awareness of Denied Experience One of the most characteristic and perhaps one of the most important changes in therapy is the bringing into awareness of experiences of which heretofore the client has not been conscious. What, psychologically, occurs when the individual thus deals with repressed material?