Though these memories are brief, they enable you to remember an impression of the stimulus in your environment following the ending or disappearance of it. If we attend to this data, the crucial details can then be transferred to the short-term memory. The three main types of sensory memory are: Iconic - also called visual sensory memory. A brief image lasting less than half of a second. Echoic - also called auditory sensory memory. Brief sound memory similar to an echo and can last up to four seconds. Haptic - also called tactile memory. The short memory of a touch that lasts for around two seconds. Therefore it is a challenge for any of us to be constructive and aspire to build good habits. Focusing on being constructive, rather than reactive, can increase the likelihood of creating good behaviors and becoming optimistic. For example, it's important to keep in mind that setting goals for good behaviors are better than trying to eliminate bad habit routines. Habits of Positive People Positive people do not wait for nice days - they create them themselves! The expectation of luck, good luck and similar beliefs are actually characteristic of the passive contemplator. Such expressions simply do not exist in a positive person's vocabulary. As a rule, he is actively involved in the creation of his life. He works to change the surrounding reality to make him feel good, even in difficult times, rather than waiting for the perfect location of the stars. Positive people are easily separated by excess Many people try to adhere to their favorite ideas, things or even people to the last, and thus lose their power and energy. When our inner being is clouded by depression, untethered and drifting, we can't fully trust our own thoughts or perception of reality.

Depression has a way of distorting reality, of cloaking lies as truth. Our friends--in Luther's mind, particularly our fellow Christians--can remind us of truth, of reality, of hope. It is high time that you cease relying on and pursuing your own thoughts, he wrote to a friend. Listen to other people who are not subject to this temptation. Give the closest attention to what we say, and let our words penetrate to your heart. Thus God will strengthen and comfort you by means of our words. As the voices of our mind quiet in the safe company of our friends and loved ones, we can begin to listen to their words. They can speak back to us the truth about ourselves and the value of our life, about hope for the future, about their love for us. These truths, and the truth of God's Word, become even more powerful as they enter our ears from their lips. Short term memory is often referred to as active memory because it is the information we are aware of at that time or are thinking about. Think of it as your conscious mind, at the moment, lasting only about 30 seconds. By paying attention to the information in the short-term memory, it can be transferred to long term memory if it is needed at a later time. The majority of information kept in the short-term memory will remain there for just 20 to 30 seconds, though sometimes it is held for mere seconds if there is no rehearsal of the information. In some cases, the data will last for a minute, but generally, the info decays quickly and spontaneously. Rehearsal of the Information, such as saying it aloud or repeating it in your mind, can lengthen the short-term memory. But, it can be interfered with easily. As new information moves into the short-term memory, older data is displaced. There are varying theories regarding how much information the short-term memory can store. The standard idea is that the short-term memory can hold approximately seven items. Positive people easily let go of the unnecessary because they understand that it prevents them from living.

The past must remain in the past! Good and bad memories must remain where they belong - in the past. Positive people do not spend much time longing for the good old days because they are too busy working for their present and future days. They do not use the experience of the negative experiences of the past to self-blame or regret, but to analyze the causes and lessons and use them as a stepping stone to a better future. Gratitude is the second name of the positive person Positive people do not focus on the bumps and rocks in their path, but are willing to thank God, fate, life, for every step they have taken along the path. For every day filled with new experiences, impressions, feelings. They see life as a treasure chest full of miracles. Positive people focus on their capabilities, not limitations! Optimistic people try to see what they can do, not what they cannot do. Luther says, Do not dwell on your own thoughts, but listen to what other people have to say to you. For God has commanded men to comfort their brethren, and it is his will that the afflicted should receive such consolation as God's very own. I think of Luther's dearest friends and the letters they exchanged, of the conversations that are lost to history. I think of Staupitz, directing Luther's gaze to the cross. I think of the ways they comforted him when his world went dark, of how they bolstered him up. I also think of his wife Katie. When he was overcome by worries and fears, she comforted him with the words of Scripture. In the most desperate of cases, she employed the dramatic: Once, when Martin was so depressed that none of Kate's counsel would help, she put on a black dress. Luther noticed it and asked, Are you going to a funeral? Research conducted recently suggests that around four pieces of information can only be stored, however.

Short term memory and working memory are separate but are often utilized interchangeably. The working memory is the process of storing information temporarily, organizing the data, and the manipulation of the information. In contrast, the short-term memory is only the storage of information temporarily. Because there is quite a limitation in both the duration and capacity of short-term memories, there is a need to move the information to the long-term memory. One of the common methods that will be talked about in the following articles is chunking. This form of memorization enables the information to be transferred into long term memory. Another way to shift memories into the long-term memory is through rehearsal. This is commonly used when studying for exams at school, where you go over your information multiple times until it is memorized. The persistent storage memory is the long-term memory, sometimes referred to as the unconscious or preconscious memory. They look for opportunities and solutions and don't stop at something because it seems impossible. Even in case of failure, they look for new opportunities and try again, I do not try to blame them for their first failure. Positive people do not allow their fears to affect their lives Everyone who is in the power of their fears and prejudices will not be able to live a free life. Positive people do not neglect sensible security measures, but they never allow themselves to fear the unknown to give up trying an exotic dish, not go to a new country or do something new. Positive people smile a lot This is their most visible feature that everyone likes. Not only are positive people in a good mood, but they also have the unique ability to infect with their positive attitude. Optimism, lightness in life, a good sense of humor and self-irony - all these qualities are a must for such people. They have a high degree of self-esteem, but refuse to be taken too seriously! They are sociable No, Kate replied, but since you act as though God is dead, I wanted to join you in your mourning.

Luther got the message and recovered. It's clear Luther took his own advice and listened to her as if from God himself. He opened his ears to hear the truth she spoke, and acted on it as best he could. Sometimes this brought relief enough to carry on. Luther went even further in his advice, though. With the friends (or pigs) we've sought out, he said we should find some sort of merriment. Oh what a challenge--to joke and jest when the heart is heavy, the world is dark, thoughts clouded. This also flies in the face of depression's nature, which dims the pleasure of everything. But Luther saw embracing life to its fullest possible means and relishing in its delights as a weapon. It is stored in the background to be recalled when necessary. These memories can be harder to retrieve at times for a variety of reasons. If the info is stored in the long-term memory is more important than others, it is easier to recall; It is still possible, of course, to forget long term memories. The length of time information is stored in the long-term memory depends on several factors: how the memory was encoded can have a significant impact on how long it is stored. Accessing the memory multiple times can ensure a more extended storage period also. There are two main types of long-term memory called the explicit or declarative memory, and the implicit or non-declarative memory. Those that fall into the category of explicit memories are those that are present in consciousness. They are usually grouped into specific or episodic memories or semantic memory. Semantic memory encompasses the knowledge you have about the world. It is difficult to imagine a positive person leading a solitary, despondent life.