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The further back the arrow is pulled on the string, the further and straighter the arrow travels towards its target. You start mumbling and giving them dirty looks. You call someone a jerk. You tell yourself all these people are entitled, selfish, narcissistic assholes who, when they come close to running into you, don't deserve to live. You stop in front of one or two of them and they actually bump right into you, mumble something--sorry, maybe--and move along. You're just about to punch the next person who bumps into you when your cell phone buzzes. You get a message that you promptly begin to reply to as you weave through pedestrian traffic. What happened? Clearly, other people's bad behavior worked to fuel your own. You started name-calling, you got physically aggressive, you were convinced that everyone else was in the wrong. And perhaps they were, right up until the time when you were the asshole. Bottom line: don't do it. Not even socially. Inhaling anything other than the oxygen around us is undoubtedly one of the most idiotic behaviors still occurring in America, and it's costing everyone. Speaking of understudied substances, let's talk about marijuana. Marijuana does have some medicinal effects. For example, it shows some benefit for people with intractable seizure disorders, or patients who have unrelenting nausea and pain, especially from cancer. However, marijuana exacerbates existing breathing problems; can lead to heart disease, psychosis, increase in fat deposition through overeating; and makes someone less likely to exercise and think clearly.

There are even a few smaller studies that claim teenagers and young adults who smoke regularly have lower IQs, which parallels lower income and socioeconomic status as an adult. Toward the end of the nineteenth century, Gram's method became the standard with which to classify all bacteria. If the bacteria took the deep blue color, then they were classified as one type (positive); if not, they were put in the other category (negative. ) Gram was immortalized for his achievement: bacteria that retain a deep blue color are called Gram-positive, and those that do not are referred to as Gram-negative. The great questions regarding the appropriate treatment for pneumonia wouldn't be resolved for decades, and millions more would die in the interim. And it was decades later, in the twentieth century, that scientists discovered the real reason why certain bacteria keep the deep blue color and others do not. 24 But with Gram's method, the most fundamental method to classify bacteria had been found, and it remains in use to this day. Diseases such as plague, typhoid, and cholera were caused by Gram-negative bacteria--the same type that Friedlander witnessed. The most common forms of pneumonia, as well as strep throat and anthrax, were all caused by bacteria that retained the deep blue color--the Gram-positive bacteria. Today, any discussion of antibiotics or antibiotic-resistant bacteria starts with a simple question of classification: Is it Gram-positive or Gram-negative? As long as success occurs in these areas of life, the individual appears to be in pretty good psychological shape and may even rise to the top in his or her field. The difficulty is that their success cannot be savored for long because their feelings of worthlessness persist. Instead of enjoying their lives, people like this are typically compelled to prove themselves on an endless obstacle course of success, sometimes at a considerable cost to relationships, health, and well- being-- all to avoid fully experiencing or dealing with a lack of worth. Since failure is the other side of success when it is used for self- esteem, the threat of personal or interpersonal failure makes such people very vulnerable in life because without success, there is little left to buffer or to sustain their identities. In the more clinically severe cases at the outer level of this type, competence- based self- esteem can even result in antisocial behavior conducted to obtain success or to defend one's self in the case of failure. Those who possess a high degree of competence but who have little sense of a conscience to balance such ability also put others at risk in their relationships. In the most extreme cases, such a person may destroy whole groups of people to demonstrate his or her superiority, such as in the case of a ruthless dictator. So far, we have discussed defining self- esteem, become aware of the limits of basing definitions on only one factor, and have seen that there are several types of self- esteem, each of which has two levels. That work prepares us to examine the characteristics of the highest type and level: authentic self- esteem.

First, because authentic self- esteem requires high levels of competence and worthiness, it is only found in the upper part of that quadrant (area B. There is minimum effort, and maximum power and energy in the flight of the arrow. The ancient and timeless wisdom traditions of East and West have provided humanity with an unbroken thread of connection to consciousness throughout the millennia. It is a thread of wisdom and knowledge. The purpose of this thread is to provide source wisdom, and to make it ever-available for people to follow, so they can always realize the truth of themselves. The great householders of the past, men famous for their learning and wisdom, had this in mind when they said: `Let no man say there is anything we have not heard, thought, seen. ' They knew everything. In today's world this source wisdom is available with a casual Internet search, a browse through a article shop or a visit to your local library. Texts that were kept exclusively for sages, priests, teachers and their students, are now there for the asking. The knowledge was carefully protected, and if a person desired this wisdom, they had to leave their worldly life, and study with these teachers behind closed doors. But whether or not that was Clotish behavior is beside the point. The point is that we see unacceptable qualities in others as a defense against acknowledging and doing something about our own. When we use projection and see our horrible qualities in others, our Clotishness gets rationalized in a way that makes it very hard to register. This makes it difficult to change. In fact, sometimes we'll only see it when some other person stops in front of us when we're the ones texting on a crowded street. But nah, we won't see it then either. In that case, it's that other person who's the Clot, right? The good news is that when we're honest about how our issues complicate our lives and lead to problems in our relationships, the urge to project onto others diminishes. When we feel safe with others, we recognize that our Clottery corresponds with qualities we've been unable to face in ourselves.

On the other hand, if we never accept responsibility for the character defects we project onto others, we risk walking through life unaware that other people are not the problem--we are. For some people, marijuana may be essential. For most people, recreational marijuana use has little benefit and the potential for harm. In states where it's been legalized, at least the taxes collected on it can help pay for the illnesses it will cause. But providing additional avenues for people to get sick doesn't make sense. We have enough illness. Ultraviolet (UV) damage to the skin directly causes skin cancer, just as cigarette smoking causes lung cancer. Even if you don't lay out in the sun every day, simply golfing on the weekends can put you at a significantly increased risk of getting skin cancer. Yet we somehow managed to make this concept worse--tanning beds are preposterous. I admit as an adolescent I ignorantly used a tanning bed, but as an adult, I am amazed that these still exist. Even if we took the negative effects from a tanning bed away, it is another prime example of self-indulgent behavior, causing long-term financial and health toxicity. It's an homage to the unassuming man from Copenhagen. Over the ensuing decades many scientists would engage with the effort to identify, find, isolate, and treat bacterial infection. They would do so with rising sophistication, sometimes in competition with one another and sometimes in collaborative efforts. Sometimes the goal was to heal the wounds of those in battle or those suffering miserably in the TB ward, and sometimes the mission was to find the next blockbuster drug. The scientists would find inspiration in samples from far-off jungles rich with organic matter, in the guts of isolated tribes, and in the dirt samples taken close to the lab. The bacteria were paying close attention to the human endeavor, and our discovery of new generations of antibiotics propelled them to further adapt and evolve. Gerry Wright grew up in Northern Ontario, a region renowned for its vast wilderness and sparse population. He was fond of the natural beauty surrounding him. Specifically, Wright was fascinated with soil and the treasures within it.

It was a fascination he would follow all the way to becoming a professor of microbiology at McMaster University. ) Second, we have also seen that the other two ways of defining self- esteem also talk about high self- esteem, some of which is healthy and some of which is very unhealthy. Thus, it is necessary to specify how authentic self- esteem is different. The distinguishing feature of authentic self- esteem is that it is based on a positive relationship between competence and worthiness like medium self- esteem, only much more so. The difference between the two levels is found in the degree to which self- esteem is involved in the process of actualizing. Whether it involves reaching personal or interpersonal goals or maintaining a sense of individual or relational worth, those with authentic self- esteem are better able to actualize possibilities. In other words, not only do they tolerate stress better, but they also regularly take the risks necessary to grow, develop, and expand personally and interpersonally to optimize well- being. This real self- esteem has gone by several names over time, including high self-esteem, healthy self- esteem, positive self- esteem, and authentic self- esteem, all of which can generate some confusion. Using operational definitions to deal with the problem of ambiguity caused by sloppy definitions once again, I prefer the term authentic self- esteem for several reasons. The most obvious is that the word authentic means genuine, which is in itself helpful because it reminds us that although someone may score high on a self- esteem test, it does not necessarily mean he or she possesses healthy self- esteem. Further, the word authentic also helps us to be mindful that there are lesser or inauthentic forms of self- esteem, such as the two varieties of defensive self- esteem previously described. For centuries this wisdom was secret, now it's readily accessible. British scholars such as Sir William Jones in India in the late 1800s, took some time to coax the knowledge of the sacred texts and Sanskrit from the priestly Brahmin sages. He and others began to translate some of the Sanskrit texts which contained profound wisdom previously unheard of. From there, English-language speakers began to discover this timeless wisdom. The American philosopher Emerson kept a much-valued copy of the Bhagavad Gita. In the Royal College of Music, there is a precious manuscript article upon which Beethoven had copied out various verses and passages from the sacred texts of the Upanishads. Yet, despite this smorgasbord of wisdom and knowledge now so easily available in shops, libraries, online, social media, printed on coffee mugs, desk calendars and fridge magnets, there are record rates of anxiety disorders, stress, unhappiness and a lack of fulfillment. The timeless wisdom traditions which offer solutions to all of these problems are available but are not being availed. The missing link is practice.