Are you salivating? This is the biological response to an imaginary thought, and shows you that we can think our way into changing our body. The example of the lemon is from Elmer Green, Ph. He is a firm believer that people have the power to find pain relief by using the power of For example, you could change the thought I can't go for a walk because my hip will throb to It's a beautiful day, and even if my hip throbs, I will enjoy walking today. It's often helpful to have a statement that you can use when you're having a pain experience. In Jill's case, her favorite affirmation allowed her to immediately feel less stressed and to zoom her perspective out instead of focusing on her pain. Revised Thinking Once you deconstruct your thoughts, new thought habits must be put in place. Studies on positive affirmations have been shown, through functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI), to be powerful changemakers in the parts of the brain responsible for executive function. The other instrument used by Mozak was the Hildreth Feeling-Attitude Scales, devised during World War II to assess intensity of feelings and attitudes. The scales which were rated by the client cover the individual's feeling state, his energy level, his degree of optimism regarding the future, his mental state, his attitudes toward work, and his attitudes toward others. Significant improvement was shown on these scales when the pre-therapy and post-therapy scores are compared. The largest change was indicated in the feeling scores. The therapists also made pre- and post-ratings on these clients, utilizing the same scales, and their ratings showed a slightly greater increase. Interestingly enough, the therapists rate the clients lower both before and after therapy than do the clients themselves. While the Hildreth scale is not a refined device, the changes seem to indicate some significant movement on the part of the clients toward feelings and attitudes generally regarded as constructive. Cowen (45) studied the results of the Bernreuter Test given to twenty-seven clients before therapy, and repeated twenty months after the conclusion of therapy. This study was part of a larger investigation in which follow-up interviews were used as well as the personality inventory. Cowen recognizes the fact that the Bernreuter test is a rather crude and unsatisfactory instrument.

Take time really to experience your Emotional Current, all the hurt feelings that come out through your voice that are looking for a place to resonate. Remember, no judgment. Everyone steps into the victim position from time to time. Eventually five minutes will become enough for you to hear your own call, the one that says I feel hurt. RESCUERS FRONT AND CENTER! Irresistible urges call rescuers. They just keep responding and responding. A classic rescuer is the knight in shining armor. Often the rescuer has a romantic appeal, for the victim or for the persecutor. Rescuers' hearts are engaged and their wallets are wide open, ready to help at a moment's notice. These affirmations also create neurochemicals that attach to dopamine, oxytocin, and serotonin receptors in the brain. Examples of these phenomena are athletes who train with imagery over and over before they compete in a sporting event. The beautiful thing about imagery is that the brain believes what you tell it. By revising the information that goes into your brain, you're able to change the output. For athletes, this imagery, or revised thinking, is usually about performing at their best during a competition. But it can also be applied to your pain. The brain is always scanning 360 degrees, 24 hours a day, seven days a week, to see what sort of danger you might get into. If you tell the brain that it's going to be okay, the pain you experience can often diminish. Words are powerful. Imagine getting your MRI back and your surgeon tells you that your spinal discs have some wrinkles from aging.

It is of interest, however, that significant changes were found in the direction of better adjustment, and these changes were in general corroborated by the follow-up interviews. In the scores for Neurotic Tendency, Introversion, Confidence, and Sociability, the changes were positive, and were significant at the 1 per cent level. Scores for Self-sufficiency and Dominance showed no significant change. The Thematic Apperception Test is perhaps better adapted than the tests mentioned thus far to measure the types of change which would be expected to result from psychotherapy. Up to the present time, however, it has been used only with scattered cases, and no significant research study utilizing this test has been completed. Clinical analysis of a few cases appears to corroborate the findings from the personality tests already cited. Let us return to the question with which this section commenced: Do the changes which occur in client-centered therapy alter the basic structure of personality? The studies which have been cited would seem to justify an answer along these lines. When an investigation is made of a randomly selected group of clients receiving client-centered therapy, it is generally found that one outcome of the experience is a significant degree of change in the basic personality configuration. This change appears to be in the direction of: an increased unification and integration of personality; Knights need maidens in distress, or businesses that need to be bailed out, so they can put on their suit of armor, mount their trusty steed, and whip out their checkarticle, or call their investment banker or their accountant, and send money flowing. Rescuers are the glue that holds the game together. They care and feel, with their heart pumping full out, that they have to keep everyone going. They also think that the victim cannot take action without them. Rescuers engulf rather than empower, and they are committed to helping until the bitter end. Sometimes they become bitter before they get engaged in their own dreams. The solution that dissolves the glue is empowering a rescuer as well as the victim. The costs to rescuers can be very high. Their generosity can lead to their own perpetual debt, lost income, and poor money management. Despite rescuers' charitable efforts, victims rarely thank overly quick and generous rescuers, especially when they do not feel empowered.

And since the wrinkles on your face don't hurt, most of the time wrinkles in your spine are also nonpainful. Now, compare that to a doctor saying words such as slipped disc , ruptured , bone-on-bone , and degeneration . Sounds catastrophic and serious, right? That's not to say these issues aren't serious, but it does make you wonder about word choice and phrasing. The brain pays attention because it's looking for a threat in order to protect your body. We know from our scientific research that positive thoughts create healing chemicals in the brain. Phrases such as hurt doesn't equal harm , motion is lotion , sore but safe , tissues heal , and just breathe allow the brain to send out chemicals that help calm your pain and settle your nervous system. Reframing Exercises Now it's time to put your reframing techniques into practice. The following exercises start off easy and become more complex as you work through them. On the basis of limited evidence, it would appear that these personality changes are relatively permanent, often continuing in the directions already described. There are two words of cautious interpretation to be added to these positive findings. The personality tests which have been used to measure change are themselves of dubious validity. Indeed, there is as much reason for stating that the test changes occurring in conjunction with therapy indicate some validity in the tests as there is for saying that therapeutic change is proved by the test results. We are dealing with two relatively unvalidated procedures, and this fact should be thoroughly recognized. That the findings are in accord with clinical hypotheses and clinical logic is, however, heartening. The second caution is in regard to the magnitude of change. While the changes described are of sufficient magnitude to be statistically significant even when applied to a random group containing therapeutic failures as well as successes, and while the degree of change is even more marked in some of the presumably highly successful cases, it is still true that the amount of change, compared to the total personality configuration, is small. People do not ordinarily change in overwhelming degree as a result of client-centered therapy. They are still recognizably the same personalities and yet significantly different than before they entered therapy.

Rather the victim is glued to the Sticky Triangle and committed to the game of being rescued and making the persecutor wrong. Few people who occupy the rescuer position want to admit that they were badly used--and that they took a misstep and engulfed rather than empowered. The sting is too close to their heart. Rescuers play the game I lose and you lose. Action Step Spend some time considering when and how you volunteer your time or money to help those with whom you live and work. Do you feel tired and drained afterward? Does your money seem to evaporate among various other complaints? What personas show up when you step into the rescuer position? What emotions are you avoiding? Remember to take your time. This may all be new to you, so no one expects you to have your practice down pat or to be perfect in your first go-around. Please practice patience with yourself. I also strongly encourage you to record yourself while completing these exercises--where it warrants--so you can have them readily available in a moment's notice. Cultivate an Attitude of Gratitude Good for: chronic pain, releasing tension, stress relief When you're feeling depressed, coupled with pain and negative feelings, you may find it difficult to see the positive aspects of life. This reframing exercise consists of writing down three things that you are thankful for to create a gratitude list. The act of writing helps you organize your thoughts and become aware of how powerful your beliefs and emotions can be. This is a wonderful tool to use before bed to create new associations in your brain that focus on the positive aspects of your life.