Unfortunately, we cannot completely eliminate stressful situations or the need to seek relief when they occur: they are inevitable realities of human life. Therefore, to address the problem of drinking, an association is known worldwide as Alcoholics Anonymous uses the second component of the habit that we have distinguished before: behavior. When one of its members suffers a stressful situation, the program offers alternative behaviors: instead of drinking, the person has the possibility to attend a meeting, and also to speak immediately with his direct supervisor, someone who has gone through it experience, who you trust and with whom you can let off steam. The idea is that this communication, this personal support, provides you with the emotional relief you used to look for in alcohol. In this case, the habit is modified despite the fact that the track and the reward remain the same: but an alternative behavior, much less harmful, is proposed to achieve the same effect. Start small: the mini wins Imagine that you lead a sedentary life and want to start running. If you decide to do a marathon, the goal will probably seem so far away that it will be difficult for you, not to create a rigorous training habit, but even to start. On the other hand, if at first you intend to run five minutes a day, and you do it, it is possible that you will soon be well enough to run ten minutes, and then twenty, and half an hour, and an hour later. This, for a brief time, seemed to help her, as it has helped me when depression is mild and hasn't taken complete control. But these practices do not create an impenetrable wall, and Hannah found depression continuing to chip away at her mind and her faith. This would be her last entry, as her condition worsened and she lost sight of even the hope of salvation. MONSTER OF THE CREATION: HANNAH'S SPIRITUAL DELUSIONS Depression notoriously seeps into our spiritual lives. It can feel as though God's presence has silently withdrawn, leaving us behind in a foggy mist of doubt, fear, and desperation. It should come as no surprise, then, that Hannah's depression came with intense spiritual struggles. Her spiritual life didn't just come under depression's sway, however, as many of us have experienced; She wasn't alone. Many others suffered from what was then called religious melancholy,5 though we'll never read their stories. Along with this came biological theories for encoding and how it occurs.

For 25 years, Karl Lashley researched rats, studying how they negotiated mazes to figure out where the memory traces are formed. In 1950 he concluded that memories were not stored in just one part of the brain but relatively widespread throughout the cortex. He also suggested that if one part of the brain was damaged, another part could take on that role. During the 1940s and 1950s, Wilder Penfield, a Canadian neurosurgeon, was using electrical probes to stimulate the brain in an effort to understand what the cause of epilepsy was. As part of his research, he created maps of the motor and sensory cortices of the brain. He also found that by using the probes in the temporal lobe, he could bring up memories that the patient had no conscious recall of. Then in 1949, Donald Hebb of Canada suggested that neurons in the brain fired and were wired together, which led him to believe that the encoding of memory occurred through connections between the neurons. Hebb's Rule is a theoretical idea that the memories were created through repetitive use. Eric Kandel later applied this theory to the brains of sea slugs, which demonstrated the reality of the rule and how molecular changes could be identified during learning. Fulfilling your immediate goal, even if it is small, becomes a mini-triumph that gives you enough confidence to move on to the next level. Seek external support When doing or not a task depends only on you, it is easy to be tempted to leave it for later. I will stop smoking next week. Today is the last day I take pastries for breakfast. However, when you have an external person or a group with which you commit, you find it more difficult to procrastinate or get out of the habit you want to establish. Therefore, a very useful figure when you want to introduce a new habit or achieve a demanding goal is the so-called accountability partner (accountability partner). It can be a friend or a mentor: someone with whom you acquire the firm commitment to fulfill what you have proposed, and who asks you for accounts for it. Find your pillar habit It is not convenient to try to change everything at once. They are the silent sufferers lost to history.

This is why Hannah's story is important, even though she did not influence a monumental shift in church history like Martin Luther or write still-loved sermons or hymns like Charles Spurgeon or William Cowper. Hers is the story of an everyday Christian trying to live faithfully in the midst of the trials of life, but the history of the church is built on the lives of normal people like her. Her struggle is no less significant because few know her name. Neither are the struggles of the other brothers and sisters who battled (and battle) depression, though we may never know their names in this life. We need stories like Hannah's--we need your story--because we see God's faithfulness and handiwork in them just as much as in those of our heroes. Hannah's pain casts a shadowy outline of what others who were afflicted with religious melancholy may have experienced. It is depression with a decidedly religious fixation. Assaulted by what she called temptations from the devil, she was so overwhelmed by her sense of guilt and sin that she came to believe she was an unparalleled sinner. She read and repeated parts of the Bible in a way that twisted them to apply judgment to herself. The Multi-Store Model Study In 1968, the Multi-Store Model was proposed by Richard Atkinson and Richard Shiffrin. The theory suggested that information was kept in three states of memory, the sensory, short term, and long term memory stores. They proposed that the more we recalled information in mind, called rehearsing, the better the data moved from one part of the memory to the next. They also proposed that if the person didn't pay regular attention to the info, the memory would be lost. The study showed that information is gained from the senses, such as the eyes, the ears, and the nose - sight, sound, and smell. This information was held in the sensory memory store. However, it consists of a large amount of information related to the surroundings, and only a small amount needed to be remembered. Therefore, most of this information `decays' and, after a short period, is forgotten. Something we see or hear might be exciting, and it is stored in the short term memory for hours or days if it needs to be accessed. If you intend to get up at five in the morning, exercise daily, radically transform your diet, start a meditation practice and call a friend every day, it is likely that after a few weeks you have not managed to become a habit Alone of these things.

However, if you start focusing on a single activity until it has become a habit, it often becomes a true pillar, on the basis on which the other positive habits that we acquire are supported. That is why they are called pillar habits. Take an example: instead of trying to do it all at once, you only decide to wake up earlier, for example at half past five in the morning. For a while, that's your only responsibility: at half past five you get out of bed, and you have nothing else to do. In the beginning, it is even possible that you wasted that time, for example browsing the feeds of your social networks. When you have been exercising for a while, you will feel that your body asks you to eat better. And it will be easier for you to eliminate breakfast pastries, and then introduce healthier foods throughout the day. Habits to Be Happier Being happier is possible. Words intended to be a comfort became a curse. Over time, she believed the Devil had overcome [her] irrecoverably, and all was lost. Human voices appeared to her to be devils disguised as men, rejoicing in her downfall. She declared she was a Terrour to my self and all my Friends; Ministers and friends came to visit. They offered to pray with her, to preach to her. They offered spiritual comfort. But to no avail. She avoided going to hear the Word of God (in sermons) or taking the sacrament of Lord's Supper because she thought they would only heap more condemnation and guilt on her. She told them she wasn't to be prayed for. Then by rehearsing the information, it can enable us to remember it for an extended period.

Rehearsing could be just thinking about the data or writing it down repetitively. This helps shift the information into the long term memory, and Atkinson and Shiffrin believed it could be stored there for any period from years to a lifetime. Study on the Levels of Processing Memories This study was published in 1972 by Fergus Craik and Robert Lockhart, who developed another level of processing compared to the multi-model study. This study suggested that instead of memories being held in three stores, the strength of the memory depending on the quality of the processing. In short, the more someone thought about a memory, the longer it would last. The study identified two forms of processing that occur when something is observed, called shallow processing and deep processing. The shallow processing type relates to an overall sound or appearance and is generally forgotten. For example, you could sit on a train full of people and not recall any faces you saw within a few hours. Happiness is not external to us; It depends on our emotions and behaviors. Do you remember when it was the last time you laughed out loud, until your stomach ached? Or when you felt full for the good things that happen to you every day? If you think sadness or dissatisfaction is dominating your life, learn about the best habits to be happier. Habits to be happier Spend more time outdoors If during the whole week you are locked in an office or in an apartment without a tree around, on weekends take the opportunity to go to a park, a town surrounded by nature, to the beach. Spending time outdoors will make you better in your mood, your mental health will thank you. Without a doubt one of the best habits to be happy. When they continued to try to persuade her of the error of her thoughts, she had a rebuttal for every point.