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Today, more than 150 billionaires from more than fifteen countries have signed the pledge. The development organization BRAC helps people out of poverty by bringing them together and having them pool their resources to start their own businesses and to resolve problems in the community. Established by the charity Mensajeros de la Paz, this is a typical restaurant by day but, at night, it transforms into a pioneering place where homeless people can dine at tables set with flowers and with proper cutlery and glasses, free of charge. The restaurant uses the money from the paying customers at breakfast and lunch to fund these free evening meals. Reaching Out Vietnam provides opportunities for people of disability to learn skills and gain meaningful employment so that they are able to integrate fully into their communities and lead independent and fulfilling lives. Fairtrade giftshops sell items made by disabled people in Vietnam and the profits are fed back into the business to assist disabled people by giving them training and finding them jobs. Across cultures, there seems to be one thing that all parents wish for their children: good health. Good health enables us to play, to seek out adventures, to pursue happiness. The medical literature has found high correlations between various low well-being scores and subsequent coronary heart disease, strokes and length of life. Individuals with higher positive affect have better neuroendocrine, inflammatory and cardiovascular activity. Those with higher positive affect are less likely to catch a cold when exposed to a cold virus and recover faster if they do. One example of these studies was conducted by Andrew Steptoe, professor of psychology and head of the research department of Behavioural Science and Health at the Institute of Epidemiology and Health Care at University College London (UCL), and Jane Wardle, professor in clinical psychology at the Health Behaviour Research Centre, also at UCL. Over a five-year period, they conducted a survey of the participants' affective happiness, following about four thousand Brits aged between fifty-two and seventy-nine years old, divided into three groups, and asking them about their mood. It turned out that the happiest third had a 34 per cent lower mortality rate - even after controls undertaken for demographics and health status at the outset. No one goes to war without a plan - especially if they're invading. In your case, you're invading your job, projects, and goal, conquering them, and taking everything you can get from it. To win, it's smart to have your targets written out - starting with the highest-priority ones. Besides starting on time, a clear game plan makes you more productive and keeps you focused, clear, moving forward, moving in the right direction, and hitting one target after another without having to stop and figure out what's happening next. Have a clear picture and layout in your mind and on paper of everything that has to happen so nothing gets left to chance. Once you have that clear picture and plan, get everything else out of the way and move forward.

Having your goals laid out before you start makes your job easier and eliminates unsureness and mental chatter. You're not wasting time figuring out what needs to be done. Going into your workday without goals and a plan is sloppy, complacent, and incompetent. As an aircraft mechanic, I created my game plan in my mind as I drove to work. Then, in my morning meeting, I'd look up at the aircraft, remember exactly what I did the day before, created a list of what needed to be done, and organized my paperwork in the order the work needed to be done. In my mind, the entire day's work was planned out and I'd usually complete it faster than I anticipated. When done day after day, it added up to a lot of time and effort saved for the entire team, project, and company. Write down your top 10 goals and targets every night and cross them out as you accomplish them. When you rewrite your goals that night, replace the ones you crossed out. Before you know it, your goals will be accomplished and done faster than you anticipated. His treatment team had tried recognized approaches to his psychotic symptoms, starting with antipsychotic medications and efforts to engage him in counseling. His family was engaged but was at a distance. But his condition did not improve. He frequently refused medication and became agitated when asked to speak with staff or to join treatment groups. One unsuccessful medication trial led to another, and to the addition of a second class of drugs called mood stabilizers with the thought they might help quiet his labile moods. Nothing was working, and he was retreating more into himself, thus the request for consultation. My thoughts were counterintuitive to the conventional medical approaches the inpatient professional staff had been using, in part because these approaches were not working. I also believe that while inpatient care can at times be necessary, it also can foster loss of everyday functioning and, for some people, trigger further loss of reality testing as they lose control of their everyday activities to the hospital's institutional demands. I suggested that perhaps the staff had done what they could and that they should say to John they wanted to work with him toward a prompt discharge. I added that he would never take psychiatric medications after he left the hospital because he did not think he needed them, nor did he think they had any benefit, only side effects.

I believed he would return to the two measures that gave him the greatest psychic relief, cannabis and video games, and that not only should the staff expect him to resume these immediately, but they should not oppose his doing so. The reactions in the conference room to my suggestions were pretty mixed. People were also appropriately concerned about his leaving while still in an actively psychotic state; he could be at risk for exposure to the elements, staying out all night poorly dressed, or getting frightened on the street and striking a stranger. All true, I said. But we had no reason to believe that doing more of the same would have a different outcome. What's more, I believed that the intense milieu of the hospital with all its social demands could be making John worse. He had the neurobiology of a person with ASD and needed to be in control of his environment and to limit his exposure to other people. And he was without the two self-selected activities that brought him the most comfort, cannabis and video games. We have seen how a procrastinator becomes ruled by inaction. However, it's important to note that at any particular time the average habitual procrastinator has already put off many different tasks that cover a wide spectrum of his needs. Each of these tasks has its own particular life span and because the habitual procrastinator only tends to deal with his tasks when he's forced to by external demands, like deadlines, he acts on a crisis-by-crisis basis, which is an emotionally exhausting way of going about things. Given the fight he's had against taking action, after dealing with a task, he needs a break, which only continues his procrastination. In essence, although he has just put out one fire, the rest of his house continues to smolder; so his break only lasts until the smoke from another fire alerts him of his need to take action once more. So, as you can see, habitual procrastination is quite complicated in nature. In order to gain more understanding of the human ostrich, let's now take an in-depth look at the characteristics, behaviors, and traits of our newly discovered species. HOW WELL DO YOU KNOW yourself? If you identify with the term "habitual procrastinator," or if the procrastination of someone else concerns you, it may prove helpful to take a detailed look at this malady. To change from a habitual procrastinator into a "do"-er not only takes work, but a good deal of patience as well. The material in this chapter will illustrate just how intricately procrastination can seep into a sufferer's life. Let's take an in-depth look into the hows and whys of habitual procrastination, along with its characteristics, behaviors, and traits.

William Shakespeare wrote: "To thine own self be true." What do you think Shakespeare meant by this, and how might it apply to procrastinators? Are procrastinators true to their own selves? My answer to this last question would be a swift and resounding "No." Here's why: In recent years, depression has been increasingly recognized as a major public health issue worldwide. Not only are medical doctors around the world prescribing antidepressants in record numbers but more people than ever are opening up about being depressed. For this reason, the World Health Organization has launched a campaign aimed at improving mental health services around the world. According to the latest Health of America report released by the Blue Cross Blue Shield Association, major depression diagnoses in the United States have soared between the years 2013 and 2016 alone. While there have been 33 percent more cases of major depression across all age groups, the highest rates have been found to be among adolescents (63 percent) and millennials (47 percent). The actual diagnosis rates varied widely from state to state but forty- nine out of fifty states are reporting increases in depression (Hawaii being the only exception) with higher rates being found in the Northeast, Northwest, and the Midwest. Not surprisingly, women are being diagnosed with major depression at twice the rate as men though this will likely change too in future. People diagnosed with major depression are also far less healthy in general than nondepressed individuals with 85 percent of all people with depression also having one or more serious health problems as well. This includes medical conditions such as heart disease; stroke; Parkinson's disease; and, in older people, a greater likelihood of developing dementia. This also leads to depressed people being more likely to rely on health care services with overall health care costs being more than double that of people without depression. Be careful when you walk the streets of Copenhagen for the first time. Walking on a cycle path in the Danish capital prompts the same reaction from locals as picnicking on the path for the Bull Run would during San Fermin in Pamplona. In Copenhagen, 45 per cent of all commutes for work or education are by bike. If we look at the people working and living in Copenhagen, the number rises to 63 per cent of commutes. Oh, and most of them are not colourful `MAMILs' (middle-aged men in Lycra). You are just cycling to work; it's not the Tour de France. People wear stilettos, suits ... and, last New Year's Eve, I even cycled in my smoking jacket.

Nowhere are these statistics more evident than during the morning rush hour on Norrebrogade - Copenhagen's busiest bike corridor. That was my commute for about eight years, and I was joined every morning by students, businessmen and businesswomen, members of parliament and toddlers in training. The reasons for the hordes of Vikings on two wheels are the good conditions provided for cyclists. If you visit Copenhagen, it's easy to spot the lengths the city goes to to make them happy. There are tilted bins (so you can get rid of your to-go coffee cup while cycling at speed without missing the bin), footrests for cyclists when they are waiting at traffic lights - and if there has been a snowfall, bicycle lanes are cleared before those for cars. Cyclists here are not treated like second-class citizens; they are treated not only with dignity but as kings and queens of the road. Comedian Mark Unger says, "Men's brains and women's brains are different! Men's brains are made up of little boxes and we have a box for everything. We have a box for the car. We have a box for the money. We have a box for the job, a box for the kids, a box for you, a box for your mother...somewhere in the basement. And the rule is the boxes do not touch. All right? When a man discusses a particular subject, he goes to the appropriate box, slides it out, opens it up, will discuss only the content of that particular box and then when he is done, he puts it away hoping not to touch or disturb any of the other boxes. Now a woman's brain is made up of a big ball of wire and everything is connected to everything...It's like the Internet super highway." Although he was saying this to explain the differences in how men and women think, you can use it when you work. To preserve energy, structure your mind, and start having better focus, train your mind to use "focus boxes". Separate every single part of your job into a different mental box. When you're in meetings, you're in your "meeting box". You're completely disconnected from everything else. When you're on break, you're in your break box.