Second, we must seek to secure public space that can be used - a closed street works because there is no through traffic, but so does a common piece of green space. Third, one of the most powerful motivators is dreams. Martin Luther King Jr did not give an I have a nightmare' speech and, in Hulbert Street, what sparked the community efforts was Shani's question about how people would like to see their street. <a href=''>Or,</a> in the words of Antoine de Saint-Exupery, author of The Little Prince:If you want to build a ship, don't drum up people to collect wood and don't assign them tasks and work, but rather teach them to long for the endless immensity of the sea.' The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention states 33% of us aren't getting enough sleep and, over time, it's leading to problems. Chronic sleep loss increases the chances of heart disease, heart failure, heart attacks, high blood pressure, stroke, diabetes, organ failure, etc. Getting enough sleep is extremely important and a very wise investment in learning, becoming smarter, remaining calmer, functioning properly, staying on track, being happier, and having your act together. A lack of sleep affects your thoughts, emotions, behavior, habits, and results and when you're tired, you're more negative, emotional, irritable, and irrational. You make decisions and exhibit behavior you normally wouldn't if you weren't tired. In other words, you're dumber. In 2011, Duke University conducted a study to learn how being tired affects decisions and risk-taking and noticed the participants who didn't get enough sleep were making more emotional decisions than logical and calculating risks using emotion rather than logic. At the end of the study, the well-rested participants outperformed the tired ones, took smarter risks, and made wiser decisions. When you're tired, you don't retain as much information - meaning you don't learn as well. While you're sleeping, your mind is completing the process of programming and storing all of the information you received during the day. Catching up on the TV shows is not a valid excuse for not getting enough sleep. Checking your social media news feed is not a valid excuse. Going out to drink and hang out with friends is not a valid excuse. Drinking coffee 2 hours before you're supposed to go to sleep is not a valid excuse. Mismanaging your time and schedule is not a valid excuse. Getting enough sleep doesn't make you weak, lame, and uncool. Not every treatment works for every type of substance use (or behavioral) disorder, and individual responses vary considerably.

Remember set and setting from chapter 1? The combination of what happens inside us, biologically and psychologically, and the profound influences of our respective circumstances call for flexibility and persistence in finding the right combination of recovery actions for each individual. These actions must also be specific to the present moment in the condition. Below we will briefly look at a number of interventions, chosen because of their diversity and both their research and empirical evidence. This will have its limits as a compilation because I am not covering tobacco--the greatest cause of preventable morbidity and mortality, and hence a book in itself--or providing a list of every known treatment for every known substance of abuse. As in other parts of this book, I seek to give the reader illustrations and perspective. Those are my reasons for any omissions the reader may discover. "Procrastination" is a somewhat deceiving word because it starts with the prefix "pro," which we naturally associate with concepts we favor. For example, Jerry says: "When it comes to auto safety legislation, you can always count on me to be on the "pro" side. Whether it's seat belts, air bags, or some new technology, if it makes driving a safer experience then I'm all for it!" We can also find "pro" within words that represent positive benefits, like "promotion," "protection," and "provide." So then, why would such an annoying and debilitating condition like procrastination begin with such a positive-sounding prefix? Wouldn't a better way to describe delayed doing be "anticrastination"? Well, on second thought, perhaps not! In actuality, the troublesome area of the word "procrastination" is found in its second half, that "crastination" part. It comes from the Latin "crastinus," which means, "to put off." When the parts are combined, "procrastination" takes the meaning of "In favor of putting off." For the average person, this straightforward answer makes perfect sense. However, for habitual procrastinators, it's a partial definition, because their concepts of tasks, time, personal responsibility, and how they interact are quite different from most persons'. Many people, when faced with someone dealing with depression, often have no idea of what to do or say that can make this kind of pain go away. While trying to cheer a depressed person up may seem like the right thing to do, it really isn't. As we've already seen, someone who is clinically depressed isn't just "feeling the blues," and trying to rely on humor or good cheer to make it go away can do more harm than good. If you know someone who is depressed, the best way to help is to listen to that person and show that you care about what he or she is going through. Unfortunately, many people may not understand what is happening and, as a result, often find themselves saying the wrong thing or giving bad advice.

This is why people who really want to help someone overcome depression needs to start by educating themselves about what depression is and how to help. While clinical depression is considered to be a form of mental illness, that doesn't mean that any of the popular stereotypes about crazy people are going to be true. Most people who are depressed can manage their lives just fine with the right help, whether in the form of medication or counseling (or both, preferably). Depression isn't the same thing as psychosis, and it doesn't necessarily mean that they're inclined to harm themselves or anyone else. Even though some people with depression may begin displaying psychotic symptoms or threaten suicide, this is something that needs to be assessed by a qualified mental health professional who can provide the needed treatment. No matter how worried you are about someone who you know is depressed, you need to respect their own judgment about what is best for them. See Questions 13 to 25 for more information about the many causes and risk factors associated with depression. According to the latest version of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-V), there are a wide range of possible diagnoses that can be given to someone who is clinically depressed. The most common feature of all these conditions is the "presence of sad, empty, or irritable mood, accompanied by somatic or cognitive changes that significantly affect the individual's capacity to function." In other words, it isn't enough just to feel depressed; the symptoms also need to be severe enough to prevent sufferers from being able to function, whether on their own, with their families, or at work or school. Think of a time when you felt happy or - feel free to tone it down a bit - a time you felt good, or laughed or smiled. Bring that memory to mind and try to remember the details of the situation. Odds are you thought of a memory where you were together with other people. Mine is sitting in a cabin after a day of skiing, surrounded by friends, with a fire in the fireplace and whisky in my glass. I have asked audiences across the world to think of good times and, more often than not, people are with other people in their memories. This proves nothing about the importance of people when it comes to happiness. However, people have an easier time remembering numbers and data if we give them some scenes to attach them to. So, what does the evidence say? Well, if we look at the link with how often people meet socially with friends, colleagues or relatives, we see a clear pattern. The more often people meet, the happier they are. However, one thing is quantity, another thing is quality.

I cannot be the only one who has felt lonely in a crowded room. We may see and meet other people, but the important thing is whether we connect. Do I get you? Do you get me? Do you trust me enough to let your guard down, to let me know what is really on your mind? To let me in? We also see this reflected in the numbers. The more people we have with whom we can talk about personal matters, the happier we are. There's a very real and direct connection between having your act together and your eating habits - meaning what you eat, when you eat it, how much of it you eat, and how often you eat it. Out-of-control eating habits reflect weak-mindedness and, of course, self-control issues. When most of us get the slightest bit hungry, instead of having self-control, holding out, and dealing with being uncomfortable, we're weak and allowing emotions to get the best of us. We let our inner-child run the show and we go to the nearest fast food place and eat the tastiest and unhealthiest thing we can find. Then, we take pictures of our food, post it on social media, and take pride eating unhealthy amounts of unhealthy food. It's messed up. Eating habits affect your mood, emotions, behavior, habits, mind, and body. Food affects the way you feel. Food affects the way you look. Food, clearly, affects your health. Years of poor food decisions lead to obesity, tooth decay, high blood pressure, high cholesterol, heart problems, diabetes, Osteoporosis, types of cancers, depression, and eating disorders. Pay strict attention to what you're putting into your body.

Control your eating habits and decisions. Your food choices reflect your patience, wisdom, and mental strength. The way you eat is the way you live. If you make sloppy food decisions, you're making sloppy decisions in most areas of your life. If you make wise food decisions and don't eat emotionally, chances are your decision-making process is the same in all areas of your life. They're all connected. Be strict. Tell yourself "no". Treat your body right. Stop eating emotionally. Stop letting taste override health. Stop eating out of boredom. You only have one body and you need to take care of it. A fundamental approach to addictions is through spirituality, with or without a formal institutional religion. It is hard not to think of Marx's comment that "religion is the opiate of the masses." His meaning, I believe, was disdainful. By spirituality I mean that which is or becomes sacred to an individual, which does not necessarily include adherence to a religious institution with its particular beliefs, doctrines, and worship practices. I believe we all hunger for lives of meaning and purpose, and an inner, buoying sense of connection to others, not a life of isolation. Spirituality can provide for those fundamental needs. The English word spirit derives from the Latin spiritus, which connotes breath and aspiration, meaning taking in air, or, less literally, a life force. Spirituality does not preclude a belief in science or rationality, as we see among so many great scientists and thinkers who appreciate and honor our human place in an incomprehensible and awesome universe--those who are deeply alert to the beauty, wonder, and mystery of nature and life.