The findings of these studies will be briefly reviewed, organized in terms of the test utilized. Since the Rorschach is one of the most widely used personality tests today, the results in terms of the Rorschach may be presented first. Muench (140), in the first attempt to measure objectively the personality outcomes of any form of psychotherapy, administered Rorschachs to twelve clients before and after therapy. He used a quantitative method of analysis, based on signs of adjustment and maladjustment proposed by Hertz and by Klopfer. He found significant changes in these Rorschach indicators, in the direction of better adjustment. These Rorschach results were confirmed by the results of other tests mentioned below. There was considerable correspondence between the success of the case, according to clinical judgment, and the extent of the Rorschach change. Although Muench used no control group, a control group was provided for him by the subsequent efforts of Hamlin and Albee (79). They used sixteen subjects whose initial status was similar to Muench's clients, and retested them five months later; They used the same methods of analysis and found no significant changes in the Rorschach patterns of this group. They will continue to limit you until you recognize them and appreciate them for all that they have done for you. You can loosen their grip on you when you send them love and reach out and embrace them. They will continue to be a part of your life and may show up whenever a financial challenge appears. Love them and play with them. They are a part of you. Laugh when they show up as just another indicator that you are at the edge of moving forward into a larger flow of energy and abundance. Each persona has classic ways of engaging, playing its role, and creating abundance. Now you have a sense of your family drama and your money drama. You realize that sometimes the money flows and there really is abundance, and sometimes there is just noise about how it doesn't show up. Stand up and stretch.

Retraining the brain requires an awareness of thoughts and habits. This article will look at reframing pain in a more detailed way. You'll explore the process of reframing your thoughts based on research that examines how the power of words can transform your brain chemistry and help ease your pain. As you read this article, think about your personal pain experience and consider how you could behold your pain differently. Jill was a health care professional whose job required enormous amounts of paperwork that took up her evenings and weekends. The job didn't really bring her much happiness, the pension and benefits were excellent, but she didn't want to quit because she wanted to retire soon. Jill decided to stick it out, even though it was taking a physical and emotional toll on her body and mind. About 18 months before her retirement, Jill's health started to decline. She began to experience pain throughout her entire body, felt completely exhausted all the time, and wasn't sleeping well, either. Jill was diagnosed with chronic fatigue syndrome; In a more recent study Carr (40) found results contradictory to those of Muench. Analyzing pre- and post-therapy Rorschachs given to nine cases, Carr used essentially the same adjustment indicators as Muench, but found no significant change. He also had the Rorschachs analyzed qualitatively by an experienced worker who did not know whether the cases were regarded as successful or not. Five were regarded as showing no change (in three of these there was even a suggestion of decrement) and four were rated as showing slight or moderate improvement. These ratings showed some, though not a close, relationship to counselor judgment of degree of success. In general, this study does not corroborate Muench's findings, and Carr admits inability to understand the discrepancy. Mosak (139), in a study of twenty-eight neurotic clients whose average number of therapeutic interviews was fifteen, also used the Rorschach as a pre- and post-test. When he used the signs of adjustment as measures -- using the same indicators as Muench and Carr -- there was no significant change. When the Rorschach protocols were judged by three experienced clinicians, two of the cases were judged to have shown much improvement, about half of the group showed slight improvement, and nearly half were regarded as relatively unchanged in Rorschach pattern. Obviously the subjective judgments by Rorschach workers showed more change than the measure based upon discrete signs.

Are you ready for something new? STANDING WATERS Another major game people play is called Waltzing on the Sticky Triangle, the Flypaper of Life. We play this game in the Standing Waters, in the swamplands of our lives. Waltzing on the Sticky Triangle actually prevents you from engaging your creativity and enlivening your own dreams. Instead, you focus on playing the game and participating in the activities, thoughts, and relationships that create a stuck and foul living environment--in other words, a swamp. Nothing happens in this swamp that would move you closer to your heart's desire. Each persona adds its own flavor and unique flair to this game, and each persona can show up and play any of the positions in this game. Swamps are like debt. The more you have and the more it increases, the less able you are to move forward. Late-night paperwork or bad traffic would set off Jill's physical alarm, and she'd be in dire pain and feel completely fatigued. Jill came to me in a last-ditch effort to find relief. She had used all of her sick time but didn't think she could continue her job. Jill's goal was to feel better so she could continue working and ultimately retire with full benefits. The key to helping Jill was teaching her new skills to calm her extra-sensitive nervous system. We used a variety of reframing techniques that allowed her to nurture her body and look at what might be contributing to the stress response. Jill quickly discovered that she was drawn to guided reframing, along with affirmations and tai chi. She began with short, clear affirmations such as I'm safe, my body is healing, and everything is going to be okay. I recommended some recorded guided reframing for pain relief and advised her to record her own affirmations so she could listen to them when negative self-talk started up in her mind. Initially, Jill would wake up every morning with her body shaking with fear, a pounding headache, and aching pain in every joint.

The most sophisticated study of Rorschach outcomes is that completed by Haimowitz (78), who gave pre- and post-therapy Rorschachs to fifty-six clients. Thirteen therapists were involved in these cases. Of these clients, thirty-two were in individual or individual and group therapy, and twenty-four were in group therapy alone. The number of therapeutic hours ranged from three to thirty-eight. A distinctive feature of this study was the use of a control group of fifteen individuals similar to the counseled group in age, sex, and education. In analyzing the Rorschachs, Haimowitz used the index of neurotic signs developed by Harrower-Erickson. She also developed a series of ten rating scales for evaluating the Rorschach in terms of the therapeutic concepts of client-centered therapy, the brief label or title of the ten scales being as follows: quality of reality orientation, degree of anxiety, degree of dependency, self attitudes, degree of acceptance of emotionality, adequacy of intellectual functioning, degree of spontaneity-flexibility, personality integration, attitudes toward others, and quality of adjustment to emotional problems. A detailed manual was devised defining each concept and indicating the Rorschach signs upon which each rating was to be based. The reliability of application of these scales was high when the investigator re-rated 150 ratings after a lapse of time. When the rating was done by other judges the correlation was only . At some point your debt can swamp your vessel and take you down. Swamps are bodies of murky, cloudy water where you cannot see the bottom. There is no clarity in your thinking or your emotions--or your heart's desires. Swamps are also great places to hide things from yourself and other people, such as your personal debt load, whether you have paid your share of the expenses, or how much you spent on your hobby last week. Moving forward in a swamp is like waltzing on the flypaper of the Sticky Triangle, where you are the fly that is caught and stuck. Waltzing on the Sticky Triangle The Sticky Triangle was first described in the 1950s. Originally it was outlined as the victim-persecutor-rescuer triangle (V-P-R triangle), and people appeared to take up residence on one of the positions, from which they viewed life. Now we realize that a person can move from position to position. Personas from your classic and financial dramas are also quite welcome to participate in this waltz.

But after our early sessions, she started listening to her recordings while she was in bed. She also kept a list of affirmations on her nightstand to read in the morning. Then, if she started to feel a little better, she did five minutes of tai chi before she took her shower. It took a month before Jill developed the habit of turning to her recorded affirmations and guided reframing when she felt depressed or began thinking negatively. Within six weeks, she slowly began to feel good enough to walk her two dogs and go to church. With her steady commitment to her self-care, Jill began recognizing how much of her stress was impacted by automatic negative self-talk. Her favorite exercise became one that recognized ants (automatic negative thoughts), and she was able to insert a positive thought every time a negative thought popped up. She was actually quite skilled at coming up with funny positive thoughts, and when she started using humor in our therapy sessions, I knew she was well on the road to recovery. She tried to go back to work, but as much as she wanted to fulfill her commitment, her body rebelled. Jill learned to understand that she needed more joy in her life, rather than working at a job that was essentially killing her. The results obtained by Haimowitz indicated significant improvement by both methods of analysis. The mean number of neurotic signs exhibited by the clients dropped from 3. The analysis based upon the ten rating scales showed a mean rating of 3. Nine of the ten rated characteristics showed change in a positive direction, five of these being significant at the 2 per cent level. Only on the scale for spontaneity and flexibility was there no change. Control remained fully as great at the end of therapy as at the beginning, a finding in contradiction to the theoretical and clinical expectations. The control group showed marked contrast to the experimental group. Although in several of the control cases there had been important life changes between the first and second test, the number of neurotic signs remained constant (4. It would seem that changes of the sort found in the therapy group do not tend to occur in a similar population not undergoing therapy. The information from the ten cases retested for a third time more than a year after the conclusion of therapy is of interest.